QURAN SUMMARY: AL INFITAR

Surah Infitar Background And Summary of Main Topics.

Surah Infitar Statistics: Total Number of Verses, Revelation Period, Main Characters, Theme And Key Verses.

NAME:  الإنفطار, Al-Infitar.

Name taken from Verse 1 where there is a mention of the word ”Fatarat” from which the word Infitar is derived.

١  إِذَا السَّمَاءُ انْفَطَرَتْ
1  When the sky breaks apart

ENGLISH NAME: The Splitting/The Shattering.

CHAPTER NUMBER: 82

SURAH INFITAR TOTAL VERSES: 19

SURAH INFITAR TOTAL WORDS: 81

TOTAL UNIQUE WORDS WITHOUT REPETITION: 63

TOTAL LETTERS: 333

REVELATION PERIOD:

Meccan, Approx. 610 – 616 AD.

MAIN CHARACTERS:

God, Mankind, Guardian Angels.

SURAH INFITAR MAIN TOPICS:

Description Of Events That Will Happen On The Day Of Judgment, Angel Are Guardians Over Man And Recording His Deeds, Judgement Day’s Bliss And Punishment.

SURAH INFITAR KEY VERSES:

١  إِذَا السَّمَاءُ انْفَطَرَتْ

1  When the sky breaks apart

٢  وَإِذَا الْكَوَاكِبُ انْتَثَرَتْ

2  And when the stars fall, scattering,

١٠  وَإِنَّ عَلَيْكُمْ لَحَافِظِينَ

10  And indeed, [appointed] over you are keepers,

١١  كِرَامًا كَاتِبِينَ

11  Noble and recording;

١٢  يَعْلَمُونَ مَا تَفْعَلُونَ

12  They know whatever you do.

SUMMARY OF TOPICS

1-5(A Description Of Events That Will Happen On The Day Of Judgment From Destruction Of Sky, Celestial Bodies to The Eruption of Seas and Overturning of Graves),  6-9 (O Mankind What Has Deceived You Concerning Your Lord Who created & Formed you), 10-12(Angel Are Guardians Over Man And Recording His Deeds), 13-19(Judgement Day’s Bliss And Punishment, That Day The Command Will be Entirely With God)

SURAH INFITAR BRIEF COMMENTARY & BACKGROUND

This Surah has 19 verses. It takes its name from verse 1: “إِذَا السَّمَاءُ انْفَطَرَتْ” (When the sky breaks apart) where the word “فَطَرَتْ” from which the word “الإنفطار” is derived meaning “The Splitting” appears. This Surah was revealed in Mecca most probably during the early days of Muhammad’s proclamation of his Prophethood. The central theme of Surah is Hereafter.

Ahmad bin Hanbal recorded from Ibn Umar that the Prophet of God said, One who likes to see the Day of Judgment as if he is seeing it with his eyes, then let him read “إِذَا الشَّمْسُ كُوِّرَتْ” Surah Takwir, and “إِذَا السَّمَاءُ انْفَطَرَتْ” Surah Infitar and “إِذَا السَّمَاءُ انْشَقَّتْ” Surah Inshiqaq.

Nasai recorded from Jabir that Muadh that he stood and led the people in the Night Prayer, and he made the recitation of his prayer long. So the Prophet of God PBUH said,

أَفَتَّانٌ أَنْتَ يَا مُعَاذُ؟ أَيْنَ كُنْتَ عَنْ سَبِّحِ ٱسۡمَ رَبِّكَ ٱلۡأَعۡلَى  وَٱلضُّحَىٰ وَ  إِذَا ٱلسَّمَآءُ ٱنفَطَرَتۡ

Are you putting the people to trial O Muadh Why don’t you recite Glorify the Name of your Lord the Most High, By the forenoon, and When the heaven is cleft asunder.