QURAN SUMMARY: AN NASR

Surah Nasr Background And Summary of Main Topics.

Surah Nasr Statistics: Total Number of Verses, Revelation Period, Main Characters, Theme And Key Verses.

NAME:  النصر, An-Nasr.

Name taken from Verse 1 where there is a mention of the word ”Nasr”.

١  إِذَا جَاءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ
1  When the victory of Allah has come and the conquest,

ENGLISH NAME: Help/Victory.

CHAPTER NUMBER: 110

SURAH NASR TOTAL VERSES: 3

SURAH NASR TOTAL WORDS: 19

TOTAL UNIQUE WORDS WITHOUT REPETITION: 18

TOTAL LETTERS: 80

REVELATION PERIOD:

Medinan, Approx. 629 – 632 AD.

MAIN CHARACTERS:

God, Prophet Muhammad/Believers.

SURAH NASR MAIN TOPICS:

God’s Promise Of Victory To Muhammad Fulfilled, What Should Be The Attitude When We Receive Victory And Success.

SURAH NASR KEY VERSES:

١  إِذَا جَاءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ

1  When the victory of Allah has come and the conquest,

٣  فَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ وَاسْتَغْفِرْهُ ۚ إِنَّهُ كَانَ تَوَّابًا

3  Then exalt [Him] with praise of your Lord and ask forgiveness of Him. Indeed, He is ever Accepting of repentance.

SUMMARY OF TOPICS

1-2(God Says To Prophet Muhammad That When you See the Visible signs of Victory i.e Entering of Multitudes of People In God’s Religion), 3(Then Your Attitude Should Not Be Boasting But Exalt God, Ask Forgiveness and Be Humble)

SURAH NASR BRIEF COMMENTARY & BACKGROUND

This Surah has 3 verses. It takes its name from verse 1: “إِذَا جَاءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ” (When the victory of Allah has come and the conquest) where the word “النصر” meaning “Help/Victory” appears. This Surah was revealed in Madina, and it is believed to be the last complete Surah revealed.

This Surah narrates that God’s Promise of victory to Muhammad is fulfilled and people now entering in the religion of God in magnitude. Islam has been accepted as the religion of all Arab and humanity. The Surah tells that what should be the attitude when we receive victory and success. It commands Prophet to turn towards God in a devoted affection and for a humble request for his forgiveness that he responsibly discharged his duties.

Muslim recorded a Hadith stating that the meaning of الْفَتْحُ here is the conquest of Mecca. For indeed, the different areas of the Arabs were waiting for the conquest of Mecca before they would accept Islam. They said, “If he (Muhammad is victorious over his people, then he would be a (true) Prophet.” So when God gave him victory over Mecca, they entered into the religion of God (Islam) in crowds. Thus, two years did not pass (after the conquest of Mecca) before the peninsula of the Arabs was laden with faith.

Bukhari recorded from Ibn Abbas that he said, “Umar used to bring me into the gatherings with the old men of the battle of Badr. However, it was as if one of them felt something in himself (against my attending). So he said, Why do you (Umar) bring this (youth) to sit with us when we have children like him (i.e., his age)’ So Umar replied, Verily, he is among those whom you know. Then one day he called them and invited me to sit with them, and I do not think that he invited me to be among them that day except to show them. So he said, `What do you say about Allah’s statement, إِذَا جَآءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ When there comes the help of Allah and the Conquest.  Some of them said We were commanded to praise Allah and seek His forgiveness when He helps us and gives us victory.  Some of them remained silent and did not say anything. Then he (Umar) said to me, Is this what you say, O Ibn `Abbas’ I said, `No.’ He then said, `What do you say’ I said, `It was the end of the life of Allah’s Messenger that Allah was informing him of. Allah said, إِذَا جَآءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ When there comes the help of Allah and the Conquest.) which means, that is a sign of the end of your life. فَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ وَاسْتَغْفِرْهُ إِنَّهُ كَانَ تَوِبَا . So, glorify the praises of your Lord, and ask His forgiveness. Verily, He is the One Who accepts the repentance and Who forgives.) ‘So, `Umar bin Al-Khattab said, `I do not know anything about it other than what you have said.”’

Mother of the Believers, Umm Habibah, says that when this Surah was revealed the Prophet of God PBUH said that he would leave the world that year. Hearing this Fatimah(his daughter )wept. Thereupon he said: “From among my family you will be the first to join me.” Hearing this, she laughed.