O people when the universe created, there was just hydrogen and a little helium and very little of Lithium. Stars are like factories everything else is produced in the stars like carbon, oxygen iron, etc. It works just like layers in an onion. First Hydrogen having one proton in its nucleus starts burning by fusion under immense pressure and some 15million celsius temperature and it produces two things energy and heavier element helium with two protons in its nucleus. Then helium being heavier collects in the center and it also goes into fusion and produces energy and Carbon and Oxygen. The process goes on and heavier elements like carbon go into fusion to produce other elements until it reaches to Iron which has 26 protons in its nucleus. Here the fusion stops as Iron does not go into fusion and it keep on collecting in the center of the star until all its resources get consumed.
We are stardust: Are We Really All Made of Stars?
Now because star stops burning its outward pressure come to an end because of which gravity takes over and the star collapse and explode and throw out its material in space. Such a star is called super Nova, the death of a star and birth of something new. The blast is so powerful that it forces more heavy elements like gold, lead platinum to produce. And this is fortunate for us as we could not be here if such things have not been happening. As about 5 billion years ago, stars in the Milky Way had generated 92 elements of the periodic table now present on Earth. Every ingredient in the human body is made from elements made by stars. So are all of the building blocks of our food, our mobile, and our vehicles. Similarly, every plant, animal, stone, grains of sand and drop of water owes its existence to distant stars.
Most of the material that we’re made of comes out of dying stars. We have stuff in us as old as the universe. The basic ingredients for life on Earth, often called the building blocks of life, can be abbreviated as CHNOPS carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus and sulfur. Every atom of our body was once inside a star. Perhaps the atoms of our right hand belongs to one star and left hand of another star. We are actually made up of star dust. Every atom in our body had experienced the most violent explosion may be not once but many times. We are really children of stars. Is this all designed, created, happening and running by its own. Nay, it is all by the Will and command of your Lord.
Recitation of the Holy Scripture.
So which of the favors of your Lord will you deny? Indeed, in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the night and day are surely Signs for men of understanding. Those who remember God standing and sitting and on their sides and think on the creation of the heavens and the earth, “Our Lord, You have not created all this in falsehood. Glory be to You; so save us from the punishment of the Fire.