QURAN SUMMARY: AL MAOUN

Surah Maaoun Background And Summary of Main Topics.

Surah Maaoun Statistics: Total Number of Verses, Revelation Period, Main Characters, Theme And Key Verses.

NAME:  الماعون, Al-Ma’oon.

Name taken from Verse 7 where there is a mention of the word ”Ma’oon”.

٧  وَيَمْنَعُونَ الْمَاعُونَ
7  And withhold [simple] assistance.

ENGLISH NAME: Assistance.

CHAPTER NUMBER: 107

SURAH MA’UN TOTAL VERSES: 7

SURAH MAUN TOTAL WORDS: 25

TOTAL UNIQUE WORDS WITHOUT REPETITION: 22

TOTAL LETTERS: 114

REVELATION PERIOD:

Meccan, Approx. 614 – 616 AD. 

MAIN CHARACTERS:

God, A Denier.

SURAH MA’UN MAIN TOPICS:

Disbelief In The Last Day And Hereafter Is The Main Cause Of Evil Doing And Not Caring About Others.

SURAH MA’UN KEY VERSES:

٤  فَوَيْلٌ لِلْمُصَلِّينَ

4  So woe to those who pray

٥  الَّذِينَ هُمْ عَنْ صَلَاتِهِمْ سَاهُونَ

5  [But] who are heedless of their prayer –

SUMMARY OF TOPICS

1-3(God Asks The People if They have seen the Deniers and Tells Their Major Traits), 4-7(Woe To all Those Who Either Do not Do Good Or Do Only For Showing Off And Actually Do not Care About Others).

SURAH MA’UN BRIEF COMMENTARY & BACKGROUND

This Surah has 7 verses. It takes its name from verse 7: “وَيَمْنَعُونَ الْمَاعُونَ” (And withhold [simple] assistance) where the word “الماعون” meaning “Assistance” appears. This Surah was revealed in Mecca. There is a difference of opinion as some commentators of the Quran say that this Surah was revealed in Madina.

This Surah narrates two of the primary teachings of the religion of God, How you Pray: either to please God or to show off, and How you Give: Either for Charity to please God, Withholds, Or give only to show off. Religion means taking care of others, helping the poor and the needy.  The Surah tells us that the pure belief in God and the Judgement Day create a compassionate and sympathetic character. Disbelief in the Last Day and Hereafter is the main cause of evil-doing, and not caring for others.

In verse 5  الَّذِينَ هُمْ عَنْ صَلَاتِهِمْ سَاهُونَ “who are heedless of their prayer” It could mean delaying the Prayers, not fulfilling its conditions OR praying but not considering the exact spirit and message of it. This verse has all these meanings in it. Whoever has any aspect of this, then a portion of this verse applies to him.

This is just as is confirmed in the two Ahadiths that the Prophet of God PBUH  who said,  تِلْكَ صَلَاةُ الْمُنَافِقِ، تِلْكَ صَلَاةُ الْمُنَافِقِ، تِلْكَ صَلَاةُ الْمُنَافِقِ، يَجْلِسُ يَرْقُبُ الشَّمْسَ، حَتَّى إِذَا كَانَتْ بَيْنَ قَرْنَي الشَّيْطَانِ قَامَ فَنَقَرَ أَرْبَعًا، لَا يَذْكُرُ اللهَ فِيهَا إِلَّا قَلِيلًا . This is the prayer of the hypocrite; this is the prayer of the hypocrite; this is the prayer of the hypocrite. He sits watching the sun until it is between the two horns of Devil. Then he stands and hits four Rakahs, and he does not remember God in them except very little.