QURAN SUMMARY: AL ADIYAT

Surah Adiyat Background And Summary of Main Topics.

Surah Adiyat Statistics: Total Number of Verses, Revelation Period, Main Characters, Theme And Key Verses.

NAME:  العاديات, Al-‘Adiyat.

Name taken from Verse 1 where there is a mention of the word ”Adiyat”.

١  وَالْعَادِيَاتِ ضَبْحًا
1  By the racers, panting,

But It does not mean that this name is the actual topic discussed in the whole Surah. It is just a reference and mark/symbol to distinguish this Surah from others as is with most other Surahs of Quran. While there are diversified topics discussed in these Surahs.

ENGLISH NAME: The Chargers/The Racers.

CHAPTER NUMBER: 100

SURAH ADIYAT TOTAL VERSES: 11

SURAH ADIYAT TOTAL WORDS: 40

TOTAL UNIQUE WORDS WITHOUT REPETITION: 35

TOTAL LETTERS: 169

REVELATION PERIOD:

Meccan, Approx. 613 – 619 AD.

MAIN CHARACTERS:

God, Mankind, Racers/Chargers. 

SURAH ADIYAT MAIN TOPICS:

Comparison Of Beings Without Conscious To A Conscious Being Like Human That How Ungrateful They Are Towards Their Lord.

SURAH ADIYAT KEY VERSES:

١  وَالْعَادِيَاتِ ضَبْحًا

1  By the racers, panting,

٦  إِنَّ الْإِنْسَانَ لِرَبِّهِ لَكَنُودٌ

6  Indeed mankind, to his Lord, is ungrateful.

٧  وَإِنَّهُ عَلَىٰ ذَٰلِكَ لَشَهِيدٌ

7  And indeed, he is to that a witness.

SUMMARY OF TOPICS

1-5(God Swears By The Racers/Chargers Of War), 6-8(Comparison Of Beings Without Conscious To A Conscious Being Like Humans, That How Ungrateful They Are Towards Their Lord, Their Owner), 9-11(Description Of The Last Day: When Everything Will Become Obvious)

SURAH ADIYAT BRIEF COMMENTARY & BACKGROUND

This Surah has 11 verses. It takes its name from verse 1: “وَالْعَادِيَاتِ ضَبْحًا” ( By the racers, panting) where the word “العاديات” meaning “The Chargers/The Racers” appears. This Surah was revealed in Mecca most probably during the early days of Muhammad’s proclamation of his Prophethood. There is a difference of opinion as some commentators of the Quran say that this Surah was revealed in Madina.

This Surah begins by swearing an Oath of “العاديات” The racers, chargers or any cavalry mode of ride that is used in a war, and narrates beautifully that although all these beings are not conscious beings like Humans but despite that only because man gives them food/fuel they become ready to sacrifice themselves for him and enter in the battlefield without their personal interests or gains. But you O human being despite God has blessed you with conscious and with the blessing of true knowledge thru his revelations even then how ungrateful you are towards your Lord. It also tells that God is aware of all the unknown and hidden secrets of human souls, and He will reveal them on the Day of Judgment.