Witness In Quran

The word شَهِيدٌ mentioned in Quran.

Quranic Verses about Witness.

The word Witness شَهِيدٌ mentioned many times in Quran, few instances are listed below.

If you have doubts about what We have sent down to Our servant, produce another sura equal to it, and call your witnesses, besides Allah, if you are telling the truth. (2:23)

And when We made a covenant with you not to shed your blood and not to expel one another from your homes, you agreed and were all witnesses. (2:84)

In this way We have made you a middlemost community, so that you may act as witnesses against mankind and the Messenger as a witness against you. We only appointed the direction you used to face in order to know those who follow the Messenger from those who turn round on their heels. Though in truth it is a very hard thing–except for those Allah has guided. Allah would never let your faith go to waste. Allah is All-Gentle, Most Merciful to mankind. (2:143)

Among the people there is someone whose words about the life of this world excite your admiration, and he calls Allah to witness what is in his heart, while he is in fact the most hostile of adversaries. (2:204)

You who believe! When you take on a debt for a specified period, write it down. A writer should write it down between you justly. No writer should refuse to write; as Allah has taught him, so he should write. The one incurring the debt should dictate and should have fear of Allah, his Lord and not reduce it in any way. If the person incurring the debt is incompetent or weak or unable to dictate, then his guardian should dictate for him justly. Two men among you should act as witnesses. But if there are not two men, then a man and two women with whom you are satisfied as witnesses; then if one of them forgets, the other can remind her. Witnesses should not refuse when they are called upon. Do not think it too trivial to write down, whether small or large, with the date that it falls due. Doing that is more just in Allah’s sight and more helpful when bearing witness and more likely to eliminate any doubt–unless it is an immediate transaction hand to hand, taken and given without delay. There is nothing wrong in your not writing that down. Call witnesses when you trade. Neither writer nor witness should be put under pressure. If you do that, it is deviancy on your part. Have fear of Allah and Allah will give you knowledge. Allah has knowledge of all things. (2:282)

Allah bears witness that there is no god but Him, as do the angels and the people of knowledge, upholding justice. There is no god but Him, the Almighty, the All-Wise. (3:18)

When ‘Isa sensed disbelief on their part, he said, ‘Who will be my helpers to Allah?’ The disciples said, ‘We are Allah’s helpers. We believe in Allah. Bear witness that we are Muslims. Our Lord, we believe in what You have sent down and have followed the Messenger, so write us down among the witnesses.’ (3:52-53)

Say, ‘People of the Book! Come to a proposition which is the same for us and you–that we should worship none but Allah and not associate any partners with Him and not take one another as lords besides Allah.’ If they turn away, say, ‘Bear witness that we are Muslims.’ (3:64)

People of the Book! Why do you reject Allah’s Signs when you yourselves are there as witnesses? (3:70)

Remember when Allah made a covenant with the Prophets: ‘Now that We have given you a share of the Book and Wisdom, and then a messenger comes to you confirming what is with you, you must believe in him and help him.’ He asked, ‘Do you agree and undertake my commission on that condition?’ They replied, ‘We agree.’ He said, ‘Bear witness, then. I am with you as one of the witnesses.’ (3:81)

How can Allah guide a people who have disbelieved after having believed? They bore witness that the Messenger was true and that the Clear Signs had come to them. Allah does not guide people who are wrongdoers. (3:86)

Say, ‘People of the Book, why do you reject Allah’s Signs when Allah is witness of everything you do?’ (3:98)

Say, ‘People of the Book, why do you bar those who believe from the Way of Allah, seeking in it something crooked, when you yourselves are witnesses to it? Allah is not unaware of what you do.’ (3:99)

Keep a close check on orphans until they reach a marriageable age, then if you perceive that they have sound judgement hand over their property to them. Do not consume it extravagantly and precipitately before they come of age. Those who are wealthy should abstain from it altogether. Those who are poor should use it sensibly and correctly. When you hand over their property to them ensure that there are witnesses on their behalf. Allah suffices as a Reckoner. (4:6)

If any of your women commit fornication, four of you must be witnesses against them. If they bear witness, detain them in their homes until death releases them or Allah ordains another procedure for their case. (4:15)

We have appointed heirs for everything that parents and relatives leave. If you have a bond with people, give them their share. Allah is a witness of all things. (4:33)

How will it be when We bring a witness from every nation and bring you as a witness against them? (4:41)

Any good thing that happens to you comes from Allah. Any bad thing that happens to you comes from yourself. We have sent you to mankind as a Messenger. Allah suffices as a Witness. (4:79)

You who believe! Be upholders of justice, bearing witness for Allah alone, even against yourselves or your parents and relatives. Whether they are rich or poor, Allah is well able to look after them. Do not follow your own desires and deviate from the truth. If you twist or turn away, Allah is aware of what you do. (4:135)

There is not one of the People of the Book who will not believe in him before he dies; and on the Day of Rising he will be a witness against them. (4:159)

But Allah bears witness to what He has sent down to you. He has sent it down with His knowledge. The angels bear witness as well. And Allah suffices as a Witness. (4:166)

You who believe! Show integrity for the sake of Allah, bearing witness with justice. Do not let hatred for a people incite you into not being just. Be just. That is closer to heedfulness. Have fear of Allah. Allah is aware of what you do. (5:8)

We sent down the Torah containing guidance and light, and the Prophets who had submitted themselves gave judgement by it for the Jews–as did their scholars and their rabbis–by what they had been allowed to preserve of Allah’s Book to which they were witnesses. Do not be afraid of people, be afraid of Me. And do not sell My Signs for a paltry price. Those who do not judge by what Allah has sent down, such people are disbelievers. (5:44)

When they listen to what has been sent down to the Messenger, you see their eyes overflowing with tears because of what they recognise of the truth. They say, ‘Our Lord, we believe! So write us down among the witnesses.’ (5:83)

You who believe! When one of you is near to death and makes a will, two just men from among you should act as witnesses; or, if you are travelling when the misfortune of death occurs, two men who are strangers to you. You should detain them after prayer and, if you are doubtful, they should swear by Allah: ‘We will not sell it for any price, even to a near relative, and we will not conceal the testimony of Allah. If we did we would indeed be wrongdoers.’ (5:106)

(Remember when Allah said, ‘‘Isa, son of Maryam,) when I inspired the Disciples to believe in Me and in My Messenger, they said, “We believe. Bear witness that we are Muslims.”’ (5:111)

They (the Disciples) said, ‘We want to eat from it and for our hearts to be at peace and to know that you have told us the truth and to be among those who witness it.’ (5:113)

(‘Isa said,) ‘I said to them nothing but what You ordered me to say: “Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.” I was a witness against them as long as I remained among them, but when You took me back to You, You were the One watching over them. You are Witness of all things.’ (5:117)

Say: ‘What thing is greatest as a witness?’ Say: ‘Allah. He is Witness between me and you. This Qur’an has been revealed to me so that I may warn you by it, and anyone else it reaches. Do you then bear witness that there are other gods together with Allah?’ Say: ‘I do not bear witness.’ Say: ‘He is only One God, and I am free of all you associate with Him.’ (6:19)

And a pair of camels and a pair of cattle–Say: ‘Is it the two males He has made forbidden, or the two females, or what the wombs of the two females contain? Were you then witnesses when Allah gave you this instruction?’ Who could do greater wrong than someone who invents lies against Allah thus leading people astray without any knowledge? Allah does not guide the people of the wrongdoers. (6:144)

Say: ‘Produce your witnesses to testify that Allah made this forbidden.’ If they do testify, do not testify with them and do not follow the whims and desires of people who deny Our Signs, and who do not believe in the hereafter and make others equal to their Lord. (6:150)

It is not for the idolaters to maintain the mosques of Allah, bearing witness against themselves of their disbelief. They are the ones whose actions will come to nothing. They will be in the Fire timelessly, for ever. (9:17)

As for those who have set up a mosque, causing harm and out of disbelief, to create division between the believers, and in readiness for those who previously made war on Allah and His Messenger, they will swear, ‘We only desired the best.’ But Allah bears witness that they are truly liars. (9:107)

(Their partner-gods will say,) ‘Allah is a sufficient witness between us and you. We were unaware of your worship.’ (10:29)

Whether We show you something of what We have promised them or take you back to Us, they will still return to Us. Then Allah will be witness against what they are doing. (10:46)

You do not engage in any matter or recite any of the Qur’an or do any action without Our witnessing you while you are occupied with it. Not even the smallest speck eludes your Lord, either on earth or in heaven. Nor is there anything smaller than that, or larger, which is not in a Clear Book. (10:61)

But as for those who have clear evidence from their Lord followed up by a witness from Him–and before it the Book of Musa came as a model and a mercy–such people believe in it. Any faction which rejects it is promised the Fire. Be in no doubt about it. It is the Truth from your Lord. But most people have no faith. (11:17)

Who could do greater wrong than those who invent lies against Allah? Such people will be arrayed before their Lord and the witnesses will say, ‘Those are the ones who lied against their Lord.’ Yes indeed! Allah’s curse is on the wrongdoers. (11:18)

We only say that one of our gods has driven you mad.’ He said, ‘I call on Allah to be my witness, and you also bear witness, that I am free of all the gods you have apart from Him.’ (11:54)

He (Yusuf) said, ‘It was she who tried to seduce me.’ A witness from her people then declared, ‘If his shirt is torn in front, she speaks the truth and he has clearly told a shameless lie.’ (12:26)

Those who disbelieve say, ‘You are not a Messenger.’ Say: ‘Allah is a sufficient witness between you and me, and anyone else who has knowledge of the Book.’ (13:43)

On the Day We raise up a witness from every nation, those who disbelieved will not be excused nor will they be able to appease Allah. (16:84)

On that Day We will raise up among every community a witness against them from amongst themselves, and bring you as a witness against them. We have sent down the Book to you making all things clear and as guidance and mercy and good news for the Muslims. (16:89)

Perform prayer from the time the sun declines until the darkening of the night, and also the recitation at dawn. The dawn recitation is certainly witnessed. (17:78)

Say: ‘Allah is a sufficient witness between me and you. He is certainly aware of and sees His servants.’ (17:96)

I did not make them witnesses of the creation of the heavens and the earth nor of their own creation. I would not take as assistants those who lead astray! (18:51)

They said, ‘Bring him before the people’s eyes so they can be witnesses.’ (21:61)

And Dawud and Sulayman when they gave judgement about the field, when the people’s sheep strayed into it at night. We were Witness to their judgement. (21:78)

As for those who believe and those who are Jews and the Sabaeans and the Christians, Magians and idolaters, Allah will distinguish between them on the Day of Rising. Allah is witness of all things. (22:17)

Strive for Allah with the striving due to Him. He has selected you and not placed any constraint upon you in the religion–the religion of your forefather Ibrahim. He named you Muslims before and also in this, so that the Messenger could be witness against you and you could be witnesses against all mankind. So perform prayer and give the alms and hold fast to Allah. He is your Protector–the Best Protector, the Best Helper. (22:78)

A woman and a man who commit fornication: flog both of them with one hundred lashes and do not let compassion for either of them possess you where Allah’s religion is concerned, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day. A number of believers should witness their punishment. (24:2)

But those who make accusations against chaste women and then do not produce four witnesses: flog them with eighty lashes and never again accept them as witnesses. Such people are deviators. (24:4)

Those who make an accusation against their wives and have no witnesses except themselves, such people should testify four times by Allah that they are telling the truth (24:6)

Why did they not produce four witnesses to it? Since they did not bring four witnesses, in Allah’s sight, they are liars. (24:13)

(Believers are) those who do not bear false witness and who, when they pass by worthless talk, pass by with dignity; (25:72)

They said, ‘Let us make an oath