QURAN SUMMARY: AL HAQQAH

Surah Haqqah Background And Summary of Main Topics.

Surah Haqqah Statistics: Total Number of Verses, Revelation Period, Main Characters, Theme And Key Verses.

NAME:  الحاقة, Al-Haqqa.

Name taken from Verse 1 where there is a mention of the word ”Al Haqqa”.

١  الْحَاقَّةُ
1  The Inevitable Reality

But It does not mean that this name is the actual topic discussed in the whole Surah. It is just a reference and mark/symbol to distinguish this Surah from others as is with most other Surahs of Quran. While there are diversified topics discussed in these Surahs.

ENGLISH NAME: The Undeniable Reality.

CHAPTER NUMBER: 69

SURAH HAQQAH TOTAL VERSES: 52

SURAH HAQQAH TOTAL WORDS: 260

TOTAL UNIQUE WORDS WITHOUT REPETITION: 203

TOTAL LETTERS: 1,133

REVELATION PERIOD:

Meccan, Approx. 614 – 617 AD.

MAIN CHARACTERS:

God, Prophet Muhammad, People of Thamud, People of Ad, Pharaoh, Nuh/Noah, Righteous, Wrongdoers, Eight Angels of God’s Throne. 

SURAH HAQQAH MAIN TOPICS:

Description Of The Last Day, Mention of Destruction of Thamud, Ad and Pharaoh, Eight Angels of God’s Throne, Rewards And Punishments, If Muhammad Have Added Falsehood In Quran God Would Have Cut Off His Aorta.

SURAH HAQQAH KEY VERSES:

٧  سَخَّرَهَا عَلَيْهِمْ سَبْعَ لَيَالٍ وَثَمَانِيَةَ أَيَّامٍ حُسُومًا فَتَرَى الْقَوْمَ فِيهَا صَرْعَىٰ كَأَنَّهُمْ أَعْجَازُ نَخْلٍ خَاوِيَةٍ

7  Which Allah imposed upon them for seven nights and eight days in succession, so you would see the people therein fallen as if they were hollow trunks of palm trees.

١٦  وَانْشَقَّتِ السَّمَاءُ فَهِيَ يَوْمَئِذٍ وَاهِيَةٌ

16  And the heaven will split [open], for that Day it is infirm.

١٧  وَالْمَلَكُ عَلَىٰ أَرْجَائِهَا ۚ وَيَحْمِلُ عَرْشَ رَبِّكَ فَوْقَهُمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ ثَمَانِيَةٌ

17  And the angels are at its edges. And there will bear the Throne of your Lord above them, that Day, eight [of them].

١٩  فَأَمَّا مَنْ أُوتِيَ كِتَابَهُ بِيَمِينِهِ فَيَقُولُ هَاؤُمُ اقْرَءُوا كِتَابِيَهْ

19  So as for he who is given his record in his right hand, he will say, “Here, read my record!

٣١  ثُمَّ الْجَحِيمَ صَلُّوهُ

31  Then into Hellfire drive him.

٣٢  ثُمَّ فِي سِلْسِلَةٍ ذَرْعُهَا سَبْعُونَ ذِرَاعًا فَاسْلُكُوهُ

32  Then into a chain whose length is seventy cubits insert him.”

٤٤  وَلَوْ تَقَوَّلَ عَلَيْنَا بَعْضَ الْأَقَاوِيلِ

44  And if Muhammad had made up about Us some [false] sayings,

٤٥  لَأَخَذْنَا مِنْهُ بِالْيَمِينِ

45  We would have seized him by the right hand;

SUMMARY OF TOPICS

1-7(Description Of The Last Day, Inevitable Reality, Thamud Destroyed By Blast, Ad Destroyed By Violent Wind That Imposed On Them For Seven Nights And Eight Days), 8-12(Mention Of Pharaoh And Indirect Mention Of Nuh And His Boat That Is Made A Token For Mankind), 13-17(Trumpet/Horn/Sur, The Last Day 8 Angels Will Be Bearing The Throne Of God), 18-37(That Day He Who Is Given His Record In His Right Hand Will Be In Gardens, He Who Is Given His Record In Left Hand Will Be In Despair And In Chains Whose Length Is Seventy Cubits), 38-47(God Says: We Swear Quran Is The Word Of A Noble Messenger, If Muhammad Have Added Falsehood In Quran, Would Have Punished Severely So Much That We Would Certainly Have Cut Off His Aorta)

SURAH HAQQAH BRIEF COMMENTARY & BACKGROUND

This Surah has 52 verses divided into 2 Rukus/Sections. It takes its name from verse 1: “الْحَاقَّةُ,” meaning “The Undeniable Reality.” This Surah was revealed in Mecca most probably during the early days of Muhammad’s proclamation of his prophethood.

The Surah tells about the previous generations and people of past prophets that how was their end. It tells about the fate of Ad, Thamud and Pharaoh, and Indirect Mention Of Nuh’s people And His Boat which was Made A Token For Mankind. Then there is a detailed depiction of the Last Day. First, the end of the universe and destruction of heaven and earth presented and later a few verses about the Judgement that would result in rewards and punishment.  In the end, it tells that this message Quran is not a poetry of a poet and something made up by the Prophet himself; it is the revelation of the Lord of the worlds.

The Prophet of God PBUH said: One who recites this Surah, God takes an easy account from him.