Bible correctly and repeatedly foretells the future. There are many fulfilled prophecies regarding Edom and its fall.
Edom was a nation consisting of the descendants of Esau, twin brother of Jacob and son of Isaac and Rebekah. It was located to the southeast of Judah, in the mountainous region which is now the southwestern part of the kingdom of Jordan. Edom is sometimes referred to as Esau (Malachi 1:3), Idumea (Isaiah 34:5) and Mount Seir (Ezekiel 35:3). All of these names are interchangeable, belonging to the same nation, Edom.
The significant prophecies against Edom are found in Isaiah 34, Jeremiah 49:7-22, Ezekiel 25:12-14 and 35:1-15, and the book of Obadiah. Isaiah prophesied against Edom around 700 BC, while Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and Obadiah prophesied around the year 600 BC.
All these below mentioned prophecies fulfilled. Despite Edom’s capital city, Petra was inside the mountainous region and served as a great natural defense, it was destroyed and no longer exists. Today, Petra is part of Jordan. The city was conquered by the Romans in the year 106 AD but flourished again shortly after that. Moslems conquered Petra in the 7th Century and Crusaders conquered it in the 12th Century. Petra gradually fell into ruin.
Isaiah 34: 5-6, 9,11: 5 My sword has drunk its fill in the heavens; see, it descends in judgment on Edom, the people I have totally destroyed. 6 The sword of the LORD is bathed in blood, it is covered with fat— the blood of lambs and goats, fat from the kidneys of rams. For the LORD has a sacrifice in Bozrah and a great slaughter in the land of Edom. 9 Edom’s streams will be turned into pitch, her dust into burning sulfur; her land will become blazing pitch! 11 The desert owl and screech owl will possess it; the great owl and the raven will nest there. God will stretch out over Edom the measuring line of chaos and the plumb line of desolation. NIV
Jeremiah 49:16: The terror you inspire and the pride of your heart have deceived you, you who live in the clefts of the rocks, who occupy the heights of the hill. Though you build your nest as high as the eagle’s, from there I will bring you down,” declares the LORD. NIV
Ezekiel 25:12-14: “This is what the Sovereign LORD says: ‘Because Edom took revenge on Judah and became very guilty by doing so. Therefore this is what the Sovereign LORD says: I will stretch out my hand against Edom and kill both man and beast. I will lay it waste, and from Teman to Dedan, they will fall by the sword. I will take vengeance on Edom by the hand of my people Israel, and they will deal with Edom in accordance with my anger and my wrath; they will know my vengeance, declares the Sovereign LORD.’ NIV