Book of Romans Synopsis: Statistics And Summary of Main Topics.

Book of Romans Chapter by Chapter Summary.







The Gospel According To Paul. Righteousness of God and Unrighteousness of Humanity: On the doctrine of justification by Christ. The Salvation of God and the Result of Grace.


Jesus, Holy Spirit, Abraham, Paul, Phoebe, Romans.


1:16: I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God for the Salvation of every one who believes, first for the Jew, then for the Gentile.

3:9-11: What shall we conclude then? Are we any better? Not at all! We have already made the charge that Jews and Gentiles alike are all under sin. As it is written: ‘There is no one righteous, not even one; there is no one who understands, no one who seeks God.

3:21: But now a righteousness from God apart from the Law, has been made known, to which the Law and Prophets testify.

5:8: But God demonstrates His own love for us in this: While we were still sinners, Christ died for us.

6:23: For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

8:9: you however, are controlled not by the sinful nature, but by the Spirit, if the Spirit of God lives in you. And if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Christ.

8:37-39: For I am convinced that neither death nor life, neither angels nor demons, neither the present nor the future, nor any powers, neither height, nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God that is in Christ Jesus our Lord.

10:9-10: That if you confess with your mouth, ‘Jesus is Lord,’ and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved. For it is with your heart that you believe and are justified, and it is with your mouth that you confess and are saved.

12:1: Therefore, I urge you, brothers, in view of God’s mercy, to offer your bodies as living sacrifices, Holy and pleasing to God, this is your Spiritual act of worship.

12:19: Do not take revenge, my friends, but leave room for God’s wrath, for it is written: ‘It is mine to avenge; I will repay,’ says the Lord

15:13: May the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace as you trust in Him, so that you may overflow with hope by the power of the Holy Spirit.

16:17: I urge you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause divisions and put obstacles in your way that are contrary to the teaching you have learned. Keep away from them.


New Testament places Romans as the first of 21 epistles or letters to the early churches or church leaders. There are 13-14 epistles written by Paul and 7 general epistles written by James, Peter, John and Jude. Romans is not the first letter by Paul but placed on top of others in NT because of its importance and strength of message. Paul definitely wrote it at the end of his third missionary journey, somewhere around 57 AD. Eight years before, Claudius had expelled Jews from Rome. Because of the lengthy and detailed personal information at the end of this letter, it is understandable that Paul was writing from the city of Corinth, about to leave for Jerusalem. Paul was instructed by the Lord Jesus Christ to be a minister to the Gentile people. Paul announces the Good News about Jesus Christ being the Son of God, with the Holy nature of God Himself. He begins the letter by showing how all men are sinners in the eyes of God and therefore worthy of death. However, Paul explains that Jesus Christ was the last Adam in whom no sin was found, and can provide an acceptable covering for men’s sin if they agree that God is always right, accepting all that Jesus said and follow after him in their own lives. Paul said that nobody was able enough to keep His laws, yet we are liberated freely by His grace through the salvation and redemption that came by Jesus. Romans is an invaluable document of the early church because it is a methodical portrayal of the gospel that Paul preached. It the longest and the most famous of all the Apostle’s writings to Christians at Rome whom he hoped soon to visit.


Chapter#1: Greetings. Paul’s desire to visit Rome. Righteous one will live by faith. All Gentiles Under Sin. Ungodly people are inexcusable. The unrighteous have no excuse. God gave them up to their lusts. God’s qualities seen in creation.
Chapter#2: The Righteous And Unbiased Judgment Of God. All Jews Under Sin. God’s judgment on Jews and Greeks. How the conscience functions. The Jews and the Law. Do you claim in the law but break it? God Will also Judge People who are not Jewish. Circumcision of the heart.
Chapter#3: “Let God be found true.” Both Jews and Greeks are under sin. The Entire World Guilty Of Sin. All have erred and are sustained through faith in Jesus. All fall short of God’s glory.
Chapter#4: Abraham declared righteous by faith. Abraham, the father of those having faith. The Promise To Abraham Secured Through Faith. The Parable Of The Lamp. The Parable Of The Growing Seed
Chapter#5: Reconciled to God through Christ. Death through Adam, life through Christ. Sin and death spread to all. One act of justification.
Chapter#6: New life through baptism into Christ. So consider yourselves dead to sin and alive to God. Do not let sin rule in your bodies. From slaves of sin to slaves of God. Sin’s wages—death; God’s gift—life.
Chapter#7: No law hath power over a man longer than he lives. Sin made known by the Law. My flesh serves the law of sin. The struggle with sin.
Chapter#8: They that are in Christ, are free from condemnation. The law of the Holy Spirit has set you free. Spirit of adoption bears witness. Creation awaits freedom of God’s children. ‘The spirit pleads for us.’ Foreordination by God. Victorious through the love of God.
Chapter#9: Israel’s Rejection. Abraham’s true offspring. God’s choice cannot be questioned. All of Abraham not of the promise. Vessels of wrath and of mercy. Only a remnant will be saved. Israel stumbled.
Chapter#10: How to attain God’s righteousness. Public declaration. Israel’s Rejection Of The Message. Calling on God means salvation. The Request Of James And John Good news rejected.
Chapter#11: God has not thrown off all Israel. You Gentiles have been engrafted into the tree. All Israel will be saved. Illustration of the olive tree. The depth of God’s wisdom.
Chapter#12: Present your bodies as a living sacrifice. Different gifts but one body. We are one body in Christ. Love one another as brothers. Advice on true Christian living.
Chapter#13: Subjection to the authorities. Pay taxes to those due taxes. Owe nothing except love, which fulfills the law. Walk as in the daytime.
Chapter#14: Do not judge one another. Do not cause others to stumble. Everything is neat but it is wrong to cause anyone to stumble. Work for peace and unity.
Chapter#15: Accept One Another According To Christ’s Example. Paul, a servant to the nations. Christ The Hope Of Jews And Gentiles. Paul’s travel plans.
Chapter#16: Paul introduces Phoebe, a minister. Greetings to Roman Christians. Warning against divisions. Greetings from Paul’s coworkers. The sacred secret now known. Avoid those who cause divisions. Glory to God forever!