QURAN SUMMARY: AL QIYAMAH

Surah Qiyamah Background And Summary of Main Topics.

Surah Qiyamah Statistics: Total Number of Verses, Revelation Period, Main Characters, Theme And Key Verses.

NAME: القيامة, Al-Qiyamah.

Name taken from Verse 1 where there is a mention of the word ”Al-Qiyama”. Name applied to whole Surah as in it is given an account of Resurrection.

١  لَا أُقْسِمُ بِيَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ
1  I swear by the Day of Resurrection

ENGLISH NAME: Resurrection.

CHAPTER NUMBER: 75

SURAH QIYAMAH TOTAL VERSES: 40

SURAH QIYAMAH TOTAL WORDS: 164

TOTAL UNIQUE WORDS WITHOUT REPETITION: 124

TOTAL LETTERS: 676

REVELATION PERIOD:

Meccan, Approx. 610 – 615 AD.

MAIN CHARACTERS:

God, Nafs Lawama/The Reproaching Soul, Righteous, Denier.

SURAH QIYAMAH MAIN TOPICS:

Resurrection Will Be In Fine Detail- Even Same Finger Tips, Scene & Description of Last Day, Quran’s Safe Transfer To Muhammad is God’s Responsibility.

SURAH QIYAMAH KEY VERSES:

٣  أَيَحْسَبُ الْإِنْسَانُ أَلَّنْ نَجْمَعَ عِظَامَهُ

3  Does man think that We will not assemble his bones?

٤  بَلَىٰ قَادِرِينَ عَلَىٰ أَنْ نُسَوِّيَ بَنَانَهُ

4  Yes. [We are] Able [even] to proportion his fingertips.

٩  وَجُمِعَ الشَّمْسُ وَالْقَمَرُ

9  And the sun and the moon are joined,

١٦  لَا تُحَرِّكْ بِهِ لِسَانَكَ لِتَعْجَلَ بِهِ

16  Move not your tongue with it, [O Muhammad], to hasten with recitation of the Qur’an.

١٧  إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا جَمْعَهُ وَقُرْآنَهُ

17  Indeed, upon Us is its collection [in your heart] and [to make possible] its recitation.

١٨  فَإِذَا قَرَأْنَاهُ فَاتَّبِعْ قُرْآنَهُ

18  So when We have recited it [through Gabriel], then follow its recitation.

١٩  ثُمَّ إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا بَيَانَهُ

19  Then upon Us is its clarification [to you]

SUMMARY OF TOPICS

1-4(Swear By Qiyamah/The Last Day And Nafs Lawama/The Reproaching Soul, Resurrection Will Be In Fine Detail- Even Same Finger Tips), 6-9(People Ask When it Will Be?, When Vision Dazzled, Moon Eclipsed, Sun Moon United, That Day There is no refuge), 16-19(God Says To Muhammad: Do not Hasten In Memorising Quran, Quran’s Responsibility Is On God; Then On God Is It’s Reading, And Interpretation), 20-30(Description Of Last Day, Righteous Will See Their Lord, That Day One Shin Will Curl Up With The Other Shin), 31-40(Mention Of A Denier, Who Turned & Went To His Folk, Does man think that he will be left neglected? Is Not The Creator Able To Recreate?)

SURAH QIYAMAH BRIEF COMMENTARY & BACKGROUND

This Surah has 40 verses divided into 2 Rukus/Sections. It takes its name from verse 1: ” لَا أُقْسِمُ بِيَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ” ( I swear by the Day of Resurrection) where the word “القيامة” meaning “Resurrection” appears. Name applied to whole Surah as in it is given an account of Resurrection. This Surah was revealed in Mecca most probably during the early days of Muhammad’s proclamation of his prophethood. A reference of it can be seen in verse 16-19 where suddenly the topic changed, and the prophet was instructed how to properly receive the Divine revelation. Showing that it must be a time period when Prophet was not used to of receiving Divine revelation, and that points to the early days of prophethood. There are three instructions of this kind in Quran one here in Surah Qiyamah and the others two are in Surah Taha 20:114 and Surah Ala 87:6

١١٤  فَتَعَالَى اللَّهُ الْمَلِكُ الْحَقُّ ۗ وَلَا تَعْجَلْ بِالْقُرْآنِ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ يُقْضَىٰ إِلَيْكَ وَحْيُهُ ۖ وَقُلْ رَبِّ زِدْنِي عِلْمًا20:114  So high [above all] is Allah, the Sovereign, the Truth. And, do not hasten with [recitation of] the Qur’an before its revelation is completed to you, and say, “My Lord, increase me in knowledge.”

٦  سَنُقْرِئُكَ فَلَا تَنْسَىٰ87:6  We will make you recite, [O Muhammad], and you will not forget,

In Bukhari there is a Hadith regarding the explanation of these verses of this Surah:

Book: Revelation – كتاب بدء الوحى

Global Id: 5 (4)

In-book reference: Book 1, Hadith 5

English translation: Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 4

حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَوَانَةَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ أَبِي عَائِشَةَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ جُبَيْرٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، فِي قَوْلِهِ تَعَالَى ‏{‏لاَ تُحَرِّكْ بِهِ لِسَانَكَ لِتَعْجَلَ بِهِ‏}‏ قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُعَالِجُ مِنَ التَّنْزِيلِ شِدَّةً، وَكَانَ مِمَّا يُحَرِّكُ شَفَتَيْهِ ـ فَقَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ فَأَنَا أُحَرِّكُهُمَا لَكُمْ كَمَا كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُحَرِّكُهُمَا‏.‏ وَقَالَ سَعِيدٌ أَنَا أُحَرِّكُهُمَا كَمَا رَأَيْتُ ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ يُحَرِّكُهُمَا‏.‏ فَحَرَّكَ شَفَتَيْهِ ـ فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى ‏{‏لاَ تُحَرِّكْ بِهِ لِسَانَكَ لِتَعْجَلَ بِهِ* إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا جَمْعَهُ وَقُرْآنَهُ‏}‏ قَالَ جَمْعُهُ لَهُ فِي صَدْرِكَ، وَتَقْرَأَهُ ‏{‏فَإِذَا قَرَأْنَاهُ فَاتَّبِعْ قُرْآنَهُ‏}‏ قَالَ فَاسْتَمِعْ لَهُ وَأَنْصِتْ ‏{‏ثُمَّ إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا بَيَانَهُ‏}‏ ثُمَّ إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا أَنْ تَقْرَأَهُ‏.‏ فَكَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ إِذَا أَتَاهُ جِبْرِيلُ اسْتَمَعَ، فَإِذَا انْطَلَقَ جِبْرِيلُ قَرَأَهُ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَمَا قَرَأَهُ‏.‏

Ibn Abbas in the explanation of the statement of God “Move not your tongue to make haste therewith.” said “God’s Apostle used to bear the revelation with great trouble and used to move his lips quickly with the Inspiration.” Ibn Abbas moved his lips saying, “I am moving my lips in front of you as God’s Apostle used to move his.” Said moved his lips saying: “I am moving my lips, as I saw Ibn Abbas moving his.” Ibn Abbas added, “So God revealed ‘Move not your tongue concerning (the Quran) to make haste therewith. It is for Us to collect it and to give you the ability to recite it, which means that God will make him remember the portion of the Quran which was revealed at that time by heart and recite it. The statement of God: And when we have recited it to you (O Muhammad through Gabriel) then you follow its recital means to listen to it and be silent. Then it is for Us (God) to make it clear to you. Afterward, God’s Apostle used to listen to Gabriel whenever he came, and after his departure, he used to recite it as Gabriel had recited it.”

The Surah discusses about the spiritual and physical resurrection that will take place at the end of the world. It depicts the Last day in detail and tells us that resurrection will be in fine detail, even man will get the same finger tips.