NAME: القيامة, Al-Qiyamah.
Name taken from Verse 1 where there is a mention of the word ”Al-Qiyama”. Name applied to whole Surah as in it is given an account of Resurrection.
١ لَا أُقْسِمُ بِيَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ
1 I swear by the Day of Resurrection
ENGLISH NAME: Resurrection.
CHAPTER NUMBER: 75
SURAH QIYAMAH TOTAL VERSES: 40
SURAH QIYAMAH TOTAL WORDS: 164
TOTAL UNIQUE WORDS WITHOUT REPETITION: 124
TOTAL LETTERS: 676
Meccan, Approx. 610 – 615 AD.
God, Nafs Lawama/The Reproaching Soul, Righteous, Denier.
SURAH QIYAMAH MAIN TOPICS:
Resurrection Will Be In Fine Detail- Even Same Finger Tips, Scene & Description of Last Day, Quran’s Safe Transfer To Muhammad is God’s Responsibility.
SURAH QIYAMAH KEY VERSES:
٣ أَيَحْسَبُ الْإِنْسَانُ أَلَّنْ نَجْمَعَ عِظَامَهُ
3 Does man think that We will not assemble his bones?
٤ بَلَىٰ قَادِرِينَ عَلَىٰ أَنْ نُسَوِّيَ بَنَانَهُ
4 Yes. [We are] Able [even] to proportion his fingertips.
٩ وَجُمِعَ الشَّمْسُ وَالْقَمَرُ
9 And the sun and the moon are joined,
١٦ لَا تُحَرِّكْ بِهِ لِسَانَكَ لِتَعْجَلَ بِهِ
16 Move not your tongue with it, [O Muhammad], to hasten with recitation of the Qur’an.
١٧ إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا جَمْعَهُ وَقُرْآنَهُ
17 Indeed, upon Us is its collection [in your heart] and [to make possible] its recitation.
١٨ فَإِذَا قَرَأْنَاهُ فَاتَّبِعْ قُرْآنَهُ
18 So when We have recited it [through Gabriel], then follow its recitation.
١٩ ثُمَّ إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا بَيَانَهُ
19 Then upon Us is its clarification [to you]
SUMMARY OF TOPICS
1-4(Swear By Qiyamah/The Last Day And Nafs Lawama/The Reproaching Soul, Resurrection Will Be In Fine Detail- Even Same Finger Tips), 6-9(People Ask When it Will Be?, When Vision Dazzled, Moon Eclipsed, Sun Moon United, That Day There is no refuge), 16-19(God Says To Muhammad: Do not Hasten In Memorising Quran, Quran’s Responsibility Is On God; Then On God Is It’s Reading, And Interpretation), 20-30(Description Of Last Day, Righteous Will See Their Lord, That Day One Shin Will Curl Up With The Other Shin), 31-40(Mention Of A Denier, Who Turned & Went To His Folk, Does man think that he will be left neglected? Is Not The Creator Able To Recreate?)
SURAH QIYAMAH BRIEF COMMENTARY & BACKGROUND
This Surah has 40 verses divided into 2 Rukus/Sections. It takes its name from verse 1: ” لَا أُقْسِمُ بِيَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ” ( I swear by the Day of Resurrection) where the word “القيامة” meaning “Resurrection” appears. Name applied to whole Surah as in it is given an account of Resurrection. This Surah was revealed in Mecca most probably during the early days of Muhammad’s proclamation of his prophethood. A reference of it can be seen in verse 16-19 where suddenly the topic changed, and the prophet was instructed how to properly receive the Divine revelation. Showing that it must be a time period when Prophet was not used to of receiving Divine revelation, and that points to the early days of prophethood. There are three instructions of this kind in Quran one here in Surah Qiyamah and the others two are in Surah Taha 20:114 and Surah Ala 87:6
١١٤ فَتَعَالَى اللَّهُ الْمَلِكُ الْحَقُّ ۗ وَلَا تَعْجَلْ بِالْقُرْآنِ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ يُقْضَىٰ إِلَيْكَ وَحْيُهُ ۖ وَقُلْ رَبِّ زِدْنِي عِلْمًا20:114 So high [above all] is Allah, the Sovereign, the Truth. And, do not hasten with [recitation of] the Qur’an before its revelation is completed to you, and say, “My Lord, increase me in knowledge.”
٦ سَنُقْرِئُكَ فَلَا تَنْسَىٰ87:6 We will make you recite, [O Muhammad], and you will not forget,
In Bukhari there is a Hadith regarding the explanation of these verses of this Surah:
Book: Revelation – كتاب بدء الوحى
Global Id: 5 (4)
In-book reference: Book 1, Hadith 5
English translation: Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 4
حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَوَانَةَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ أَبِي عَائِشَةَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ جُبَيْرٍ، عَنِ ا