QURAN SUMMARY: AT TAGHABUN

Surah Taghabun Background And Summary of Main Topics.

Surah Taghabun Statistics: Total Number of Verses, Revelation Period, Main Characters, Theme And Key Verses.

NAME:  التغابن, At-Taghabun.

Name taken from Verse 9 where there is a mention of the word “Taghabun”.

٩  يَوْمَ يَجْمَعُكُمْ لِيَوْمِ الْجَمْعِ ۖ ذَٰلِكَ يَوْمُ التَّغَابُنِ ۗ وَمَنْ يُؤْمِنْ بِاللَّهِ وَيَعْمَلْ صَالِحًا يُكَفِّرْ عَنْهُ سَيِّئَاتِهِ وَيُدْخِلْهُ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا ۚ ذَٰلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ
9  The Day when He gathers you for the Day of Gathering—that is the Day of Mutual Exchange. Whoever believes in God and acts with integrity, He will remit his misdeeds, and will admit him into gardens beneath which rivers flow, to dwell therein forever. That is the supreme achievement.

But It does not mean that this name is the actual topic discussed in the whole Surah. It is just a reference and mark/symbol to distinguish this Surah from others as is with most other Surahs of Quran. While there are diversified topics discussed in these Surahs.

ENGLISH NAME: Mutual Disposession/Mutual Loss and Gain.

CHAPTER NUMBER: 64

SURAH TAGHABUN TOTAL VERSES: 18

SURAH TAGHABUN TOTAL WORDS: 242

TOTAL UNIQUE WORDS WITHOUT REPETITION: 183

TOTAL LETTERS: 1,091

REVELATION PERIOD:

Medinan, Approx. 622 – 624 AD. 

MAIN CHARACTERS:

God, Disbeliever, Believer. 

SURAH TAGHABUN MAIN TOPICS:

God Created All in Truth, Doubts On Resurrection, Taghabun Day Of Assembly-Loss And Gain, Wives And Children May Become Enemy & A Trial.

SURAH TAGHABUN KEY VERSES:

٩  يَوْمَ يَجْمَعُكُمْ لِيَوْمِ الْجَمْعِ ۖ ذَٰلِكَ يَوْمُ التَّغَابُنِ ۗ وَمَنْ يُؤْمِنْ بِاللَّهِ وَيَعْمَلْ صَالِحًا يُكَفِّرْ عَنْهُ سَيِّئَاتِهِ وَيُدْخِلْهُ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا ۚ ذَٰلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ

9  The Day He will assemble you for the Day of Assembly – that is the Day of Deprivation. And whoever believes in Allah and does righteousness – He will remove from him his misdeeds and admit him to gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever. That is the great attainment.

١٤  يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنَّ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِكُمْ وَأَوْلَادِكُمْ عَدُوًّا لَكُمْ فَاحْذَرُوهُمْ ۚ وَإِنْ تَعْفُوا وَتَصْفَحُوا وَتَغْفِرُوا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ

14  O you who have believed, indeed, among your wives and your children are enemies to you, so beware of them. But if you pardon and overlook and forgive – then indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.

١٥  إِنَّمَا أَمْوَالُكُمْ وَأَوْلَادُكُمْ فِتْنَةٌ ۚ وَاللَّهُ عِنْدَهُ أَجْرٌ عَظِيمٌ

15  Your wealth and your children are but a trial, and Allah has with Him a great reward.

١٧  إِنْ تُقْرِضُوا اللَّهَ قَرْضًا حَسَنًا يُضَاعِفْهُ لَكُمْ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ۚ وَاللَّهُ شَكُورٌ حَلِيمٌ

17  If you loan Allah a goodly loan, He will multiply it for you and forgive you. And Allah is Most Appreciative and Forbearing.

SUMMARY OF TOPICS

1-3(All Belongs To God, And Among You Is The Disbeliever, And Among You Is The Believer, God Created All in Truth, God Made Good Your Shapes And Forms), 6(All Previous Nations Denied on Same Ground “Shall Human Beings Guide Us?), 7(Doubts On Resurrection, By Lord You Will Be Raised), 9( Taghabun Day Of Assembly-Loss And Gain), 11(No Calamity/ Disaster Except By Permission Of Allah), 14-15(Sometimes Wives And Children Become Enemy & A Trial), 17(Loan To Allah, He Will Return By Multiplying)

SURAH TAGHABUN BRIEF COMMENTARY & BACKGROUND

This Surah has 18 verses divided into 2 Rukus/Sections. It takes its name from verse 1: “….   يَوْمَ يَجْمَعُكُمْ لِيَوْمِ الْجَمْعِ ۖ ذَٰلِكَ يَوْمُ التَّغَابُنِ” ( The Day He will assemble you for the Day of Assembly-that is the Day of Deprivation…..) where the word “التَّغَابُنِ” meaning “Mutual Disposession / Mutual Loss and Gain” appears. This Surah was revealed in Madina. But there is a divided opinion as some commentators states it as a late Meccan Surah while others say it as an early Median Surah specially they say verses 1-13 were revealed at Makkah and verses 14-18 at Madina.

This Surah is also called الْمُسَبِّحَاتِ‎ Surah as it begins with the glorification of Allah. The collective name of الْمُسَبِّحَاتِ‎ assigns to the following 6 Surahs Hadid, Hashr, Saff, Jumuah, Taghabun and Surah Ala.

The Surah invites to true belief, submission to God and good morals. first four verses are addressed to all humans in general then verses 5-10 to those who do not believe in the message of Islam and Quran and verses 11-18 to the believers. It admonish and warns about the harmful outcomes of transgressions and about the coming of the Day of Judgment when the real success or loss will be manifest.

The Prophet of God PBUH said: One who recites Surah Taghabun will be protected from sudden accidental death.