QURAN SUMMARY: AT TALAQ

Surah Talaq Background And Summary of Main Topics.

Surah Talaq Statistics: Total Number of Verses, Revelation Period, Main Characters, Theme And Key Verses.

NAME: الطلاق, At-Talaq.

Name applied to whole Surah as in it are God’s Commands regarding Divorce and Waiting period Iddah.

ENGLISH NAME: Divorce.

CHAPTER NUMBER: 65

SURAH TALAQ TOTAL VERSES: 12

SURAH TALAQ TOTAL WORDS: 289

TOTAL UNIQUE WORDS WITHOUT REPETITION: 205

TOTAL LETTERS: 1,203

REVELATION PERIOD:

Medinan, Approx. 626 – 632 AD.

MAIN CHARACTERS:

God, Prophet Muhammad, Believers.

SURAH TALAQ MAIN TOPICS:

Instructions/Commandments regarding Divorce and Waiting Period/Iddah.

SURAH TALAQ KEY VERSES:

١  يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ إِذَا طَلَّقْتُمُ النِّسَاءَ فَطَلِّقُوهُنَّ لِعِدَّتِهِنَّ وَأَحْصُوا الْعِدَّةَ ۖ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ رَبَّكُمْ ۖ لَا تُخْرِجُوهُنَّ مِنْ بُيُوتِهِنَّ وَلَا يَخْرُجْنَ إِلَّا أَنْ يَأْتِينَ بِفَاحِشَةٍ مُبَيِّنَةٍ ۚ وَتِلْكَ حُدُودُ اللَّهِ ۚ وَمَنْ يَتَعَدَّ حُدُودَ اللَّهِ فَقَدْ ظَلَمَ نَفْسَهُ ۚ لَا تَدْرِي لَعَلَّ اللَّهَ يُحْدِثُ بَعْدَ ذَٰلِكَ أَمْرًا

1  O Prophet, when you [Muslims] divorce women, divorce them for [the commencement of] their waiting period and keep count of the waiting period, and fear Allah, your Lord. Do not turn them out of their [husbands’] houses, nor should they [themselves] leave [during that period] unless they are committing a clear immorality. And those are the limits [set by] Allah. And whoever transgresses the limits of Allah has certainly wronged himself. You know not; perhaps Allah will bring about after that a [different] matter.

٣  وَيَرْزُقْهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَحْتَسِبُ ۚ وَمَنْ يَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ فَهُوَ حَسْبُهُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ بَالِغُ أَمْرِهِ ۚ قَدْ جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدْرًا

3  And will provide for him from where he does not expect. And whoever relies upon Allah – then He is sufficient for him. Indeed, Allah will accomplish His purpose. Allah has already set for everything a [decreed] extent.

٧  لِيُنْفِقْ ذُو سَعَةٍ مِنْ سَعَتِهِ ۖ وَمَنْ قُدِرَ عَلَيْهِ رِزْقُهُ فَلْيُنْفِقْ مِمَّا آتَاهُ اللَّهُ ۚ لَا يُكَلِّفُ اللَّهُ نَفْسًا إِلَّا مَا آتَاهَا ۚ سَيَجْعَلُ اللَّهُ بَعْدَ عُسْرٍ يُسْرًا

7  Let a man of wealth spend from his wealth, and he whose provision is restricted – let him spend from what Allah has given him. Allah does not charge a soul except [according to] what He has given it. Allah will bring about, after hardship, ease.

١٢  اللَّهُ الَّذِي خَلَقَ سَبْعَ سَمَاوَاتٍ وَمِنَ الْأَرْضِ مِثْلَهُنَّ يَتَنَزَّلُ الْأَمْرُ بَيْنَهُنَّ لِتَعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ قَدْ أَحَاطَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عِلْمًا

12  It is Allah who has created seven heavens and of the earth, the like of them. [His] command descends among them so you may know that Allah is over all things competent and that Allah has encompassed all things in knowledge.

SUMMARY OF TOPICS

1(Divorce, Waiting Period/Iddah), 2(After Waiting Period, Either Retain Them Or Part With Them, Bring Two Witness), 3(Do not Be Afraid Of Poverty, Rizq/ Provision Is From God), 4(Waiting Period/Iddah: No Menstruation Waiting period Is Three Months; For Pregnant; Until Delivery), 6(Give Provision Until They Stay At Your Home For Iddah Or For Child Suckle), 7-11(Warnings & Tidings), 12( Like Seven Heavens There Are Same Seven Earths)

SURAH TALAQ BRIEF COMMENTARY & BACKGROUND

This Surah has 12 verses divided into 2 Rukus/Sections. Name applied to whole Surah as in it are God’s Commandments regarding Divorce and Waiting period Iddah. Abdullah bin Masud described it as the shorter surah An-Nisa “An Nisa al Qusra.” This Surah was revealed in Madina and most probably after the verses of Surah Baqarah related to divorce and waiting period verses 2: 226-232 and Surah Ahzab 33: 49. This Surah elaborates the matter further and more precisely.

In this Surah, the proper rules of divorce are given. Do not just say the words of divorce and separate yourself from your wives, but give them their due rights. The Surah tells that the time period of Iddah will be 3 menstruation periods. And to women with no menstruation, the waiting period would be three months. Moreover, in the case of pregnancy, the waiting period Iddah would be the delivery of the child. The spouses should follow God’s commands, whether they have a conflict with each other or they cherish each other.