NAME: الزخرف, Az-Zukhruf.
Name taken from Verse 35 where there is a mention of the word “Az-Zukhruf”.
٣٥ وَزُخْرُفًا ۚ وَإِنْ كُلُّ ذَٰلِكَ لَمَّا مَتَاعُ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا ۚ وَالْآخِرَةُ عِنْدَ رَبِّكَ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ
35 And gold ornament. But all that is not but the enjoyment of worldly life. And the Hereafter with your Lord is for the righteous.
But It does not mean that this name is the actual topic discussed in the whole Surah. It is just a reference and mark/symbol to distinguish this Surah from others as is with most other Surahs of Quran. While there are diversified topics discussed in these Surahs.
ENGLISH NAME: Gold Ornaments.
CHAPTER NUMBER: 43
SURAH ZUKHRUF TOTAL VERSES: 89
SURAH ZUKHRUF TOTAL WORDS: 836
TOTAL UNIQUE WORDS WITHOUT REPETITION: 544
TOTAL LETTERS: 3,609
Meccan, Approx. 614 – 617 AD.
God, Disbelievers, Angels, Satan/Devil, Moses, Pharaoh, Son Of Mary.
SURAH ZUKHRUF MAIN TOPICS:
Quran Preserved In The Original Mother Of Books, All Created By God, Disbelievers Associate Females And Angels To God, Logic Of Social Positions And Economic Classes, Devil Will Become Companion of Those Not Remembering God, Moses Story, Pharaoh’s Body A Token, Son Of Mary/Maryam Sent To Israelites, Description Of Paradise And Hell.
SURAH ZUKHRUF KEY VERSES:
٣ إِنَّا جَعَلْنَاهُ قُرْآنًا عَرَبِيًّا لَعَلَّكُمْ تَعْقِلُونَ
3 Indeed, We have made it an Arabic Qur’an that you might understand.
٤ وَإِنَّهُ فِي أُمِّ الْكِتَابِ لَدَيْنَا لَعَلِيٌّ حَكِيمٌ
4 And indeed it is, in the Mother of the Book with Us, exalted and full of wisdom.
٣٣ وَلَوْلَا أَنْ يَكُونَ النَّاسُ أُمَّةً وَاحِدَةً لَجَعَلْنَا لِمَنْ يَكْفُرُ بِالرَّحْمَٰنِ لِبُيُوتِهِمْ سُقُفًا مِنْ فِضَّةٍ وَمَعَارِجَ عَلَيْهَا يَظْهَرُونَ
33 And if it were not that the people would become one community [of disbelievers], We would have made for those who disbelieve in the Most Merciful – for their houses – ceilings and stairways of silver upon which to mount
٣٦ وَمَنْ يَعْشُ عَنْ ذِكْرِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ نُقَيِّضْ لَهُ شَيْطَانًا فَهُوَ لَهُ قَرِينٌ
36 And whoever is blinded from remembrance of the Most Merciful – We appoint for him a devil, and he is to him a companion.
٥١ وَنَادَىٰ فِرْعَوْنُ فِي قَوْمِهِ قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ أَلَيْسَ لِي مُلْكُ مِصْرَ وَهَٰذِهِ الْأَنْهَارُ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِي ۖ أَفَلَا تُبْصِرُونَ
51 And Pharaoh called out among his people; he said, “O my people, does not the kingdom of Egypt belong to me, and these rivers flowing beneath me; then do you not see?
٥٢ أَمْ أَنَا خَيْرٌ مِنْ هَٰذَا الَّذِي هُوَ مَهِينٌ وَلَا يَكَادُ يُبِينُ
52 Or am I [not] better than this one who is insignificant and hardly makes himself clear?
٧٧ وَنَادَوْا يَا مَالِكُ لِيَقْضِ عَلَيْنَا رَبُّكَ ۖ قَالَ إِنَّكُمْ مَاكِثُونَ
77 And they will call, “O Malik, let your Lord put an end to us!” He will say, “Indeed, you will remain.”
SUMMARY OF TOPICS
1-4(Quran In Arabic, Quran Is A Book Preserved In The Original Mother Of Books), 4-15( Even Unbelievers Know That All Created By God, Resurrection Same Like Growth From The Soil), 16-25(Disbelievers Associate Females And Angels To God As His Daughters, God Refuted), 32(Logic Of Social Positions And Economic Classes In This World), 33-35(Don’t Be Surprised About Abundance In Hands Of Wrongdoers, God Could Give Disbelievers All Gold And Silver In This World, Not Giving To This Level To Avoid Chances That Seeing This Believers Might Not Change Their Path), 36-38(God Appoints Satan/Devil Over Those Who Turns Way From His Remembrance, That Devil Will Become His Companion), 41-42(God Telling Muhammad That He Will Punish Disbelievers In his Life Or After his Death), 46-56(Moses Sent To Pharaoh, Pharaoh Denied, Drowned And Made A Token For the coming Generations), 57-65(Son Of Mary/Maryam Sent To Israelites With Signs, Token Of The Hour? Verse61), 66-79(Last Day No Fear On Believers, Description Of Paradise And Hell), 80-89(God Messengers Are With Us Recording All of Our Deeds, Muhammad Tell Them If God had a son, then I would be the first of his worshippers, So Turn Aside From Them & Say Salam/Peace. They Will Soon Know)
SURAH ZUKHRUF BRIEF COMMENTARY & BACK GROUND:
This Surah has 89 verses divided into 7 Rukus/Sections. Name of the Surah comes from the word “زُخْرُفً” in verse 35 which means Ornaments of Gold. As discussed in previous Surah summary this Surah is one among those seven Surahs of Quran which starts with the word “حم” These are Surah Ghafir, Fussilat, Shura, Zukhuruf, Dukhan, Jathiyah and Ahqaf. The word/letters “حم”. are called Mystery Abbreviated Letters OR Hurrof Al Muqattat. A brief introduction of which is already given in Quran Statistics & Facts.
This Surah revealed in Mecca almost the same time as of Surah Ghafir, Fussilat and Surah Shura around 4th to 7th year of Prophethood. The Surah made a severe criticism on Quraysh and the common Arabs creeds and superstitions, especially regarding associating females and Angels To God. The Surah tells that the revelation is a mercy of God, and God chooses whosoever He wills to convey His revelation. It warns and admonishes People for their blind adherence to the faith of their forefathers.
The Holy Prophet PBUH said: For the one who recites this Surah (And Fully Acts Upon it), it would be said on the Day of Judgment: O servant! There is no fear for you on this day, and you will not be grieved, enter the Paradise.