Please read Free will is an illusion, Freewill in Religion, Evil not to be attributed to God, Options Theory, A Universe of Possibilities in conjunction with this article. OR Read the compilation of all six Articles here Determinism and Freewill(Complete).
So you can see that throughout history there are long debates on determinism
. Some follow one school of thought others follow the second one. Now the answer is that reality
is in between. That means man has a free will
in the matter
of his actions. Although his free will is by divine decree. Because God
is the ultimate and independent cause of all causes it is correct to relate all that exists to God. Similarly, because God has granted man free will in his actions, it is also correct to relate the actions of man to his own choice
When a chosen slave
of God was asked this question by a man” What is Fate
?”he said,” Lift your one foot in the air
.” the man did so. he than said,” Now lift the other one.” (while being in the same position) the man replied,”I cannot” he said,” This is answer to your question. Half of it God has given to you in your hand, and the rest He has kept to Himself.” So in other words Man is free to will what he wills but he cannot will what he wills. That is man is free to do a task a job in whatever manner he likes but to choose/reach and come across to that job is beyond his control.
When another chosen slave of God asked this question he replied “Whatever that you could blame man for it, is his action and whatever you could not blame him for it, is the act of God. God blames man for stealing, committing adultery etc. Thus, these are the acts of man. However, God does not blame man why he is not born rich or why his skin color is black or fair. Thus, these are the acts of God.”
Do not blame your destiny
O people therefore do not blame your destiny. It is actually only a few things that are determined which are mainly related to your birth, parents and all that atmosphere related to your parents including the social economic environment of your home and country. Most of the things are in your hand and with effort and struggle you can even change your capacities, capabilities and lastly your destiny. Also keep in mind that your Lord is so just that in any case in the hereafter He will judge you after considering all the factors around you and will not reward or punish you only on your accounts. And above all as I discussed in detail in part 2 the life of this world is like a blink of an eye so this small time of affliction is nothing as compared to the life which is waiting for you ahead.
A Universe of possibilities
This universe He made is so mysterious that you cannot grasp the whole wisdom behind its creation. God has made for you choices and options which pop up every second and He has given you free will to choose among these options. It is a world, a universe of possibilities. So don’t blame your destiny only. A slave can become a ruler, a weak can become the strongest person, an ignorant can become the most wise.