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QURAN ON HONEY BEE

God Inspired The Female Honey Bee

Important Facts About The Honey Bee

Honey Bee Animation

Before telling you this miracle present in Holy Quran, let me tell you some interesting facts about the Honey Bee. Body Size of a honey bee is 1cm to 3cm and its body divided into Head, Thorax, and Abdomen.

Multiple Stomach

In a Bee inside the stomach, there are portions, partitions or crops i.e. it has multiple stomachs. While collecting Nectar the bee store, it in a different portion called the “Honey Stomach” and return to its hive. At the back of the stomach, there is a valve that prevents the passing of nectar into the rear portion of the digestive system except for a small amount that is needed for her life.

Bee Dance

Waggle Dance Animation

The bee who locate the source of Nectar i.e. flower and gardens return to the hive and inform the others by performing circular motions like a dance called “Bee Dance” that contains information about the discovery, location, and even distance. Bees determine the location of a place by Sun and its angle as we know that the sun passes one degree in the sky in four minutes.

Queen, Female Worker Bees & Drones

Queen, Drones And Worker Bee

There are thousands of species of the honey bee, and they live in colonies. They have three categories inside a colony: Queen, few hundred Males and 10,000 to 90,000 Female worker bees. Male Bee (Called Drones) are stingless and can’t make honey. Drones are larger in size than the female worker bees but less than Queen. Queen is the largest in size. Queen’s only task is to lay eggs i.e reproduction. No other female is able to mate and reproduce. The males do not contribute to the defense or cleaning of the hive, gathering food, or making of the honeycomb and honey. The only function of the male bees in the hive is to mate with the Queen bee. And those males who perform their task of mating with Queen thrown out of the hive by the female workers and they then die soon because of starvation as they are dependent on female workers for their food. The female workers have several duties that include making, maintaining, and cleaning the hive, taking care of the larvae and the young, feeding the queen bee and the males and producing honey.

Honey Bee Hive

The hive is always in a hexagonal shape with every angle almost 120 degrees which now we come to know with the help of computers that it could be the best shape to make as it uses the least wax to make the maximum size of hives. Lastly, for only 500 grams of pure honey, almost 10,000 plus female bees visit millions of flowers, collect nectar and work day and night to produce this little quantity. The color of honey changes according to climate, season, and Nectar source.

Now look that almost 1400 years ago this is what the Quran told us in Surah Nahl 16:68-69

٦٨ وَأَوْحَىٰ رَبُّكَ إِلَى النَّحْلِ أَنِ اتَّخِذِي مِنَ الْجِبَالِ بُيُوتًا وَمِنَ الشَّجَرِ وَمِمَّا يَعْرِشُونَ

And your Lord inspired to the bee, “Take for yourself among the mountains, houses, and among the trees and [in] that which they construct.

٦٩ ثُمَّ كُلِي مِنْ كُلِّ الثَّمَرَاتِ فَاسْلُكِي سُبُلَ رَبِّكِ ذُلُلًا ۚ يَخْرُجُ مِنْ بُطُونِهَا شَرَابٌ مُخْتَلِفٌ أَلْوَانُهُ فِيهِ شِفَاءٌ لِلنَّاسِ ۗ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَةً لِقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ

Then eat from all the fruits and follow the ways of your Lord laid down [for you].” There emerges from their bellies a drink, varying in colors, in which there is healing for people. Indeed in that is a sign for a people who give thought.

Miracle In The Use Of Word “أَوْحَىٰ”

All these highly advanced and technical things cannot be done even by human beings without the guidance and proper training. That is why God used the word “أَوْحَىٰ” that He Himself inspired the bee all this knowledge of performing these tasks.

All Worker Bees Are Female

Female Bee

Further, from the facts presented above, we come to know that the Male bees do not make honey. This was only known recently. However, 1400 years ago, the Quran refers to bees that generate the honey as females. Previously people thought that the worker bees are male bees and reports to a king. The words used (Take) اتَّخِذِي, (Eat) كُلِي and (Follow) فَاسْلُكِي all are for a female subject. Otherwise, God would have used كُلُ, اسْلُكْ, and تَّخِذُ .

Miracle in The Use Of Word “بُطُونِهَا”

Further, there is also another miracle which shows the divine origin of Quran as in verse 69 Quran stresses that in the individual female bee there are abdomens (i.e more than one stomach), which in Arabic is “بُطُونِهَا /butuniha,” the “هَا / ha” points to a single female bee. If the plural of the word “abdomen” was meant to refer to the female bees (i.e multiple bees), then the plural feminine pronoun “ ھنا /hunna” would be connected to the verb “بُطُونِهَا.”. That clearly shows that the noun (Stomach) is plural and the pronoun used is for 3rd person famine singular. This thing that a female worker Bee has multiple stomach portions not known until very recently. Only this one fact is enough for any person to believe in the divine origin of the Quran.

Honey Bee Internal Diagram showing Honey Stomach

DETAILED ANALYSIS OF THE IMPORTANT WORDS USED IS GIVEN BELOW

اتَّخِذِي

The sixth word of verse 16:68 is divided into two morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The form VIII imperative verb فعل أمر is second-person feminine singular. The verb’s root is (أ خ ذ). The suffix (الياء) is an attached subject pronoun. This root occurs 273 times in the Quran, in seven derived forms:

V – 2nd person feminine singular (form VIII) imperative verb

PRON – subject pronoun فعل أمر والياء ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

(أ خ ذ): To take, receive, accept,; take away, punish, afflict, make a compact, seize upon, seize, take in hand and arrange. Akhdhun اخذٌ: The act of tak-ing; Punishment. Akhdhatan اخذةً (noun of unity): Punishment. Âkhidhun اخِذٌ:One who takes. Akhadhtahû bi kadha :Y ou incited him to do that and made him stick to it. Akhadhathu al-izzatu bill ithmi : Pride encompasses him with sin; Pride seizes him owing to his sin. “Itakhaza” Make/build, “ykhizu” seize as in 17:73 &7:96, 40:21, 55:41.

بُطُونِهَا

The twelfth word of verse 16:69 is divided into two morphological segments. A noun and possessive pronoun. The noun is masculine plural and is in the genitive case مجرور. The noun’s root is (ب ط ن). This root occurs 25 times in the Quran, in five derived forms.

N – genitive masculine plural noun اسم مجرور و«ها» ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

PRON – 3rd person feminine singular possessive pronoun

(ب ط ن): To enter into the inmost parts of anything, lie hidden, pen- etrate, choose any one as an intimate friend, to be inside. Batn بطن plu. Butûn بطون Belly; Interior part; Hidden. Bâtin باطن: That which is hidden; Inner part; Inside; In- terior. Bitânatun بطانةٌ : . “Batuna” He was or became big in the belly in consequence of much eating/ “Batana” (1) He struck his belly; (2) it (a disease) entered into him or penetrated into his b e l l y, also means, it was or became hidden/ “Batn” (1) The belly or abdomen (2) The inside of anything also means a low tract or portion of land/ “Batin” Hidden, concealed; internal or inward part of a thing/ Al Batin” is one of the attributes of God meaning, He who knows the inward state of things; He also knows the secret of hidden things; He who is hidden from public view/ بطانة  plural بطائن Lining or inner covering of a garment; a secret that a man conceals; a special or intimate friend or associate.

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