Everything in this Universe is in due proportion and measure. There must be an intelligent creator as He created such a razor-edged universe. Discoveries of physics and cosmology in the last 100 years strongly support the existence of God and the divine creation of the universe. 14 billion years back, the universe was condensed to less than the size of a golf ball. The mass-energy of the initial universe had to be precise to get galaxies, planets, and for us to exist. Same is the matter with other fine-tuning present in Ratio of Electrons and Protons, Ratio of Electromagnetic Force & Gravity, Expansion Rate of Universe, Mass Density of Universe, and Cosmological Constant.
This is the fact that the Quran told us hundreds of years ago in many verses as mentioned below.
٤٩ إِنَّا كُلَّ شَيْءٍ خَلَقْنَاهُ بِقَدَرٍ
Verily, all things have We created in proportion and measure. Surah Qamar 54:49
Are you a more difficult creation or is the heaven? Allah constructed it.
He raised its ceiling and proportioned it. Surah Naziat 79:27-28
Example of Precision & Fine Tuning
One example of fine-tuning is the distribution of mass-energy at that time. How finely tuned must this energy density be to get a flat universe? Answer One part in 10 power120. This number is so small that an astrophysicist explains it with this example.
Cover America with coins in a column reaching to the moon then do the same for a billion other continents of the same size. Paint one coin red and put it somewhere in one billion of the piles. Blindfold a friend and ask her to pick the coin. The odds of her picking it are 1 in 10 power 37.
You can see that it is still far bigger a chance than One part in 10 power120.
Now read the below mentioned verses of Quran and see that how the Quran speaks about a measure, precision and balance in each and everything of this universe.
He to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth: no son has He begotten, nor has He a partner in His dominion: it is He who created all things, and ordered them in due proportions. Surah Furqan 25:2
And who sends down rain from the sky in measured amounts, and We revive thereby a dead land – thus will you be brought forth. Surah Zukhruf 43:11
DETAILED ANALYSIS OF THE IMPORTANT WORDS USED IS GIVEN BELOW
The fifth word of verse 54:49 is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as “with” or “by”. The indefinite noun is masculine and is in the genitive case مجرور. The noun’s root is (ق د ر). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr جار ومجرور. This root occurs 132 times in the Quran, in 11 derived forms.
P – prefixed preposition bi جار ومجرور
N – genitive masculine indefinite noun
(ق د ر): “Qadr” The quantity, quantum, measure, magnitude, size, standard, proportion, extent, space, amount, sum, or number attained of a thing; measure or ability. “Taqdeer” decreed, Ordained, destined, predestined, ….also means, estimation, value, worth, rank, greatness, majesty; honorableness. “Miqdar” measure, quantum. “Maqdoor” Ordained, ability. “Muqtadir” “Qudrat” Ability, Power. “Iqtidar” “Qadir” Decreeing, appointing, ordaining; possessing power or ability/control/restrict(89:16)/period(77:22). “Qidr” plural “Qadoor” cooking pots(word use for this coz of their measured determined quantity)/All Powerful.
The eleventh word of verse 15:19 is an indefinite masculine passive participle and is in the genitive case مجرور. The passive participle’s root is (و ز ن). This root occurs 23 times in the Quran, in four derived forms.
N – genitive masculine indefinite passive participle اسم مجرور
(و ز ن): “Wazan” Weigh/ “Mizan” Balance, Measure. Scale. Evenly and equally balanced; In due proportion.