And whatever strikes you of disaster – it is for what your hands have earned; And He pardons much. Quran Surah Shura 42:30
As per the Quran, this is not only for material things but also for moral deeds. Start doing bad deeds or even only evil thoughts in your mind, and you will reap the consequences.
And this is what modern science tells us that in this universe all happenings are made up of interlocking chains of cause and effect in a relationship between events or things, where one is the result of the other or others. This is a combination of action and reaction.
In Philosophy, Science and Physics Causality, causation, or cause and effect is influence, by which one process, event, or state i.e a Cause contributes to the making of another process, event, or state i.e an Effect, where the cause is partly responsible for the effect, and the effect is partly reliant on the cause. In general, a process has many causes, which are also said to be causal factors for it, and all lie in its past. An effect can in turn be a cause of, or causal factor for, many other effects, which all lie in its future.
Examples of Cause and Effect
We received 5 inches of rain in two hours. – The area was flooded.
Smoking tobacco – Lung cancer
An oil spill – Fire- Many deaths to animals wildlife
He never brushes his teeth. – He has three cavities.
The girl broke her leg. – The physician put it in a cast.
Sedentary lifestyle – Diseases and obesity
In order to establish a cause & effect relationship, below five criteria must be met.
Temporal precedence: The cause must precede the effect
Co-Occurrence: Whenever the cause happens, the effect must also occur
Non Occurrence: If the cause does not happen, then the effect must not take place
Covariation: The effect & strength must vary in proportion with changes in the cause and its strength
Control for extraneous variables: the covariance must not be due to other variables
Quran Miracle: Nothing Happening Without Some Purpose
Believe me, there is not a single smallest incident happen to you but has its reasons in addition to the physical cause and effects. As I told you above, that as per Quran Cause & Effect is not only for material things and phenomenon but also for moral deeds. You can look at the rise and fall of nations that throughout history when nations as a whole become corrupt and sinful their decline starts. For getting a detailed understanding of how this happens on an individual level, why we also see righteous in afflictions, and moreover why you should not judge people by their apparent situation, please read “Real Cause of Afflictions”, Quran Miracle: Neuroplasticity And “Punishment Or Respite.”
Check your memory, it might have happened to you and your conscious deep inside might have stored that feeling, regarding why that recent or a past incident some injury, an obstacle in your task or a small car accident happened to you. Even if a minor car accident occurred to you, investigate in detail, and you will find that other than physical & material cause & effect, like negligence in driving or excess traffic on the road, there was something else also which would have occurred that day or earlier. Like you were going for some wrong purpose, left your home after disobeying your parents/guardians or after breaking the heart of your spouse or were going for some illicit or extramarital relationship. Check your inner self, and you will find the answer.
What comes to you of good is from Allah, but what comes to you of evil, [O man], is from yourself…… Quran Surah Nisa 4:79
These Effects Are Not Limited To This World
Same is the case when the Quran speaks about the hereafter. That you will find even an atoms weight of deed there. That is its effect, reward or punishment. So the causes (deeds) of this world have their outcome & effects not only in this world but also in the hereafter.
That Day, the people will depart separated [into categories] to be shown [the result of] their deeds.
So whoever does an atom’s weight of good will see it,
And whoever does an atom’s weight of evil will see it. (Surah Zilzal 99: 6-8)
DETAILED ANALYSIS OF THE IMPORTANT WORDS USED IS GIVEN BELOW
The root for these words (ص و ب) occurs 77 times in the Quran, in five derived forms.
(ص و ب): It poured forth or descended. “Asaba” َاَصَاب He descended into a lower land. “Asabahu” ُاَصَابَه He aimed at it; he desired, wished, intended or meant it. صواب A right thing. مصيبة An affliction, calamity, a misfortune, a disaster or an evil accident. Befell, strike, descend that’s why also used for Rain as in 2:19 and therefore “Musibatin” could mean misfortune, disaster, calamity. But also anything that befalls strike descend from above. “Saib” صَائِب (An arrow) going right or hitting the mark; that which is right or hits the right target. “Sayyib” صَيِّب Rain; rain pouring forth much or abundantly; clouds having rain.
This word is an indefinite feminine noun. The noun’s root is (ذ ر ر). This occurs 38 times in the Quran, in three derived forms.
(ذ ر ر): “Zaratin” in the sense of spread put forth as in “God spread His servants upon the earth” & “he ground/put forth the plant”/”Zuriat” Children or offspring of a man, male or female; little ones or young ones; descendants; progenitors or ancestors/ Basically the little ones: so all smallest things particles constituting this universe are Zara i.e atoms or smaller than that & Miracle as discussed above this word also has a sense of spread, sprinkle, put forth so all meanings are there in atoms; as particles that are spread everywhere etc.
This word is a masculine noun. The noun’s root is (ث ق ل). This root occurs 28 times in the Quran, in eight derived forms.
(ث ق ل): It (a thing) was or became heavy, weighty or ponderous/”Saqul” it was or became heavy or weighty as meaning onerous, oppressive or grievous/ also means: (1)He was or became heavy, slow, lazy, wanting in activity, agility or intelligence/”Saqal” Household goods; (2) luggage of traveller; (3)anything held in high estimation, in much demand and preserved with care/ Treasures or burden of earth 99:2/”Musqalat” woman whose pregnancy has become apparent/”Misqal” Weight; a thing with which one weighs; a certain weight such as dirhem or a part thereof; a certain coin.