Roundness & Spherical Shape of the Earth Mentioned In Quran
In early Mesopotamian mythology, the world was portrayed as a flat disk supported on four giant world-bearing elephants which stand on the back of an even more massive space-traveling turtle with a hemispherical sky dome above. And this forms the basis for old world maps like those of Anaximander and Hecataeus of Miletus.
But the Quran informs us that the Earth is round almost 1400 years ago in Surah Naziat verse 30, Surah Zumar verse 5 and Surah Rahman verse 33.
وَالْأَرْضَ بَعْدَ ذَٰلِكَ دَحَاهَا
And after that He spread the earth. Surah Naziat 79:30
٥ خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ بِالْحَقِّ ۖ يُكَوِّرُ اللَّيْلَ عَلَى النَّهَارِ وَيُكَوِّرُ النَّهَارَ عَلَى اللَّيْلِ ۖ وَسَخَّرَ الشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ ۖ كُلٌّ يَجْرِي لِأَجَلٍ مُسَمًّى ۗ أَلَا هُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْغَفَّارُ
He created the heavens and earth in truth. He wraps the night over the day and wraps the day over the night and has subjected the sun and the moon, each running [its course] for a specified term. Unquestionably, He is the Exalted in Might, the Perpetual Forgiver. Surah Zumar 39:5
يَا مَعْشَرَ الْجِنِّ وَالْإِنْسِ إِنِ اسْتَطَعْتُمْ أَنْ تَنْفُذُوا مِنْ أَقْطَارِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ فَانْفُذُوا ۚ لَا تَنْفُذُونَ إِلَّا بِسُلْطَانٍ
O company of jinn and mankind, if you are able to pass beyond the regions of the heavens and the earth, then pass. You will not pass except by authority. Surah Rahman 55:33
Miracle In The Use Of Word “دَحَاهَا”
In Surah Naziat verse 30 the word used is “دَحَاهَا” translated by early Commentators of Quran as “spreading out” but in its wordings, it contains all the meanings for the coming generations. That is for the previous human generations this verse was giving a sense as per their time, and for us again, the verse has the capacity that it gives new meaning as per our modern understanding of science. In past the more appropriate meanings were ignored because people were not able to understand and connect those meanings with the verse. The meaning of the verb “دَحَاهَا” is more than just an ordinary setting or expanding of a thing. The concept of roundness is also present in other words derived from “د حو.” which describes setting out in a circle i.e to spread or ‘expand out giving something a round shape. Also, it means the place of laying of eggs of Ostrich and sometimes the Ostrich Egg itself. Also as in phrase دحا البطن The belly was or became large, distended, inflated. That is it indicates something spherical, rounded, or arched, not something that is flat or square. Now look that if we take the shape of Ostrich egg it is not completely round but somewhat oval-shaped and the Miracle is that just recently we came to know that the shape of the earth is not a circle or round shape but spheroid with depressions at the poles.