Book of Exodus Synopsis: Statistics And Summary of Main Topics.

Book of Exodus Chapter by Chapter Summary.




DATE WRITTEN: 1450 – 1410 BC



Deliverance Of Israel, Suffering, Divine Presence, Law and Worship.


Moses, Aaron, and Pharaoh


1:8: “Then a new king, who did not know about Joseph, came to power in Egypt.”

2:24-25: “God heard their groaning and he remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac and with Jacob. So God looked on the Israelites and was concerned about them.”

12:27: “‘It is the Passover sacrifice to the LORD, who passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt and spared our homes when he struck down the Egyptians.'” Then the people bowed down and worshiped.”

20:2-3: “I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. You shall have no other gods before me.”


Exodus means exit, departure or a going out. It gives a record of the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt which signified the end of a period of oppression for Abraham’s offsprings and the commencement of the fulfillment of the covenant promised to Abraham. It records the tremendous numerical growth of Jacob’s family in Egypt which grew into a vast nation, filling the land of Goshen. So the Egyptians made slaves of the Israelites. Out of the family of Levi, who is one of Jacob son’s Moses born at a time when the Pharoah had tried to kill all Israeli babies. Moses was raised by Pharaoh’s daughter. It records various experiences of Moses life which ultimately lead to Israelites freedom from Pharoah. After this, the Israelites are given the Law at Mount Sinai the most important of which are the Ten Commandments. The book of Exodus ends with a description of the order of worship which centers around the Law of Moses.


Chapter#1 The Israelites, after Joseph’s death, increase in Egypt. Pharaoh tries to halt the growth of the Israelites. Pharaoh Tells The Midwives To Kill All Hebrew.

Chapter#2 The Birth And Early Life Of Moses. Pharaoh’s daughter adopts Moses. Moses is raised in Pharaoh’s household. Moses slays an Egyptian. Moses In Midian. God Hears Israel’s crying.

Chapter#3 Moses take cares of Jethro’s flock. Moses and the burning thornbush. God speaks to Moses from the middle of a burning bush. Jehovah/God explains His name and instructs Moses.

Chapter#4 God Provides Three Signs And Miracles to Moses and sends Moses to Pharaoh to free the Israelites. Moses Leaves Midian And Returns To Egypt. Aaron joins Moses.

Chapter#5 Moses and Aaron go to Pharaoh. Pharaoh Rejects God’s Authority. Pharaoh increases his oppression on Israelites. Israel blames Moses and Aaron.

Chapter#6 God reassures of his promise by his name JEHOVAH.  Genealogy of Moses and Aaron. Moses And Aaron again appear Before Pharaoh.

Chapter#7 God strengthens Moses. Aaron turns his staff into a snake. Plague 1: all the water becomes blood.

Chapter#8 God sends plagues of frogs. Pharaoh sues to Moses, who by prayer removes them away. Plague 3 of gnats, Plague 4 of gadflies.

Chapter#9 God sends plagues of livestock disease, body sores, and hail. Pharaoh sues to Moses, but yet is hardened.

Chapter#10 God sends plagues of locusts and thick darkness.

Chapter#11 God tells Moses about the last plague. The Tenth Plague: Death Of The Firstborn.

Chapter#12 Death Of Firstborn Blood to be splashed on doorposts. Instructions for Passover participation. Pharaoh Allows The Israelites To Leave Egypt. The Festival Of Unleavened Bread.

Chapter#13 Every firstborn male belongs to God. The Israelites leave Egypt. God guides them by a pillar of a cloud and fire. The Festival Of Unleavened Bread.

Chapter#14 God Rescues Israel At The Red Sea. The Israelites pass through the Sea on dry ground. Egyptians drown in the sea.

Chapter#15 Moses sings a victory song. Miriam sings in response. The waters at Marah change from bitter to sweet by Moses prayer and  God’s blessing.

Chapter#16 People murmur about food. Quails and manna are sent. God begins sending manna six days a week.

Chapter#17 Complaint about lack of water at Horeb. God sends them for water to the rock in Horeb. The Israelites defeat the Amalekites.

Chapter#18 Jethro’s Visit. Jethro gives advice to Moses. Jethro’s recommendation to appoint judges.

Chapter#19 God descends on Mt Sinai. Israel to be a kingdom of priests. Preparation For Receiving The Covenant. The mountain must not be touched.

Chapter#20 God speaks the first ten commandments. The people are afraid of all this, but Moses comforts them. Instructions about worship.

Chapter#21 God gives laws concerning slaves, Animals, and personal injury.

Chapter#22 God gives laws concerning borrowing and stealing. Regarding Various Offences. Regarding Tribute And Holiness. On compensation and ownership.

Chapter#23 God gives laws concerning justice, Of slander, false witness, and partiality. Sabbaths, and feasts. And Of the blood and the fat of the sacrifice.

Chapter#24 Forty Days And Nights On Mount Sinai. Seventy elders see God; Moses goes up on Mt Sinai. Moses Meets With God.

Chapter#25 God gives specifications for the ark of the covenant. Instruction To Collect Materials, to make Ark of the covenant, Table and lamp stand.

Chapter#26 God gives specifications for the tabernacle. The cabinets of the tabernacle, with their sockets and bars. The Entrance Of The Holy Tent.

Chapter#27 God gives specifications for the altar and tabernacle court. The Courtyard. Oil for the lampstand

Chapter#28 God gives specifications for the priestly garments. The ephod The breast piece, Urim and Thummim.

Chapter#29 God gives specifications for the priestly ordination. Instructions For Consecrating Aaron And His Sons. The daily offering.     God’s promise to dwell and live among the children of Israel.

Chapter#30 God gives specifications for the altar. Copper basin for washing, the Atonement Money, The Altar Of Incense,

Chapter#31 God gives laws concerning the Sabbath. Sabbath, a sign between God and Israel. Moses receives the two tablets.

Chapter#32 The Israelites make a calf idol from gold. Moses smashes the law tablet. Moses Begs The Lord To Spare and forgives The People.

Chapter#33 Moses receives reassurance from and a vision of the Lord. God’s message of reproof. Moses asks to see God’s glory.

Chapter#34 New stone tablets prepared. God’s Description Of Himself. Moses replaces the stone tablets and receives more instruction. Moses face emits light.

Chapter#35 Moses gives the Israelites instructions on worship. Building The Tabernacle. Details of the covenant repeated.

Chapter#36 Making The Tabernacle. Excess Contributions. The Israelite craftsmen construct the tabernacle.

Chapter#37 The Israelite craftsmen continue the tabernacle. They make the Ark, then the table and lampstand and altar of incense.

Chapter#38 Making The Courtyard. The Israelite craftsmen furnish the tabernacle. Amounts Of Gold, Silver, And Bronze Used.

Chapter#39 The Israelite craftsmen finish the tabernacle. Making Garments For Priests, the ephod, The breast piece, The sleeveless coat and Other priestly garments

Chapter#40 Tabernacle finalized and Moses Sets Up The Tent. God fills the tabernacle with his glory.