NAME: القدر, Al-Qadr.
Name taken from Verse 1 where there is a mention of the word ”Qadr”. Name applied to whole Surah.
١ إِنَّا أَنْزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ
1 Indeed, We sent the Qur’an down during the Night of Decree.
ENGLISH NAME: The Night of Power/The Night of Decree.
CHAPTER NUMBER: 97
SURAH QADR TOTAL VERSES: 5
SURAH QADR TOTAL WORDS: 30
TOTAL UNIQUE WORDS WITHOUT REPETITION: 25
TOTAL LETTERS: 115
Meccan, Approx. 610 – 615 AD.
God, Quran, Night of Decree, Angels, Spirit.
SURAH QADR MAIN TOPICS:
Quran Revealed In Night Of Decree, Which Is Better Than Thousand Months.
SURAH QADR KEY VERSES:
٣ لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ
3 The Night of Decree is better than a thousand months.
٤ تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَالرُّوحُ فِيهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِمْ مِنْ كُلِّ أَمْرٍ
4 The angels and the Spirit descend therein by permission of their Lord for every matter.
SUMMARY OF TOPICS
97: 1-3(God Revealed Quran In The Night Of Decree, Which Is Better Than Thousand Months) 4-5(This Night Is Absolute Peace And Angels Descend on This Night)
SURAH QADR BRIEF COMMENTARY & BACKGROUND
This Surah has 5 verses. It takes its name from verse 1: “إِنَّا أَنْزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ” (Indeed, We sent [the Quran] down during the Night of Decree) where the word “القدر” meaning “Decree” appears. This Surah was revealed in Mecca most probably during the early days of Muhammad’s proclamation of his Prophethood. There is a difference of opinion as some commentators of the Quran say that this Surah was revealed in Madina. In the opinion of Ibn Abbas, lbn Az Zubair and Aishah Prophet’s wife, this Surah was revealed at Makkah. The subject matter and length of verses also showing that it resembles with that of Meccan Surah.
The Surah is famous for its information concerning the Night of Power, during which the Quran was first revealed. This is unanimously considered to have happened during a blessed night in the month of Ramadan, as stated in Quran 2:185 and 44:3. Muslims believe that the Night of decree comes every year during the last ten nights of Ramadan, mostly believed to occurs on one of the odd numbered of these last ten nights.
Narrated from many others Ibn Abbas, “God sent the Quran down all at one time from the Preserved Tablet لوح محفوظ to the House of Might (Baytul Izzah), which is in the heaven of this world. Then it came down in parts to the Prophet of God based upon the incidents that occurred over a period of 23 years.” Then God amplified the status of the Night of Al Qadr, which He chose for the revelation of the Mighty Quran, by His saying, وَمَآ أَدْرَاكَ مَا لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ – لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِّنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ