QURAN SUMMARY: FATIR

Surah Fatir Background And Summary of Main Topics.

Surah Fatir Statistics: Total Number of Verses, Revelation Period, Main Characters, Theme And Key Verses.

NAME: فاطر, الملائكة, Fatir, Al-Mala’ika.

Two names of this Surah. Both names taken from Verse 1 where there is a mention of “Fatir and Mala’ika”.

١  الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ فَاطِرِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ جَاعِلِ الْمَلَائِكَةِ رُسُلًا أُولِي أَجْنِحَةٍ مَثْنَىٰ وَثُلَاثَ وَرُبَاعَ ۚ يَزِيدُ فِي الْخَلْقِ مَا يَشَاءُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ
1  [All] praise is [due] to Allah, Creator of the heavens and the earth, [who] made the angels messengers having wings, two or three or four. He increases in creation what He wills. Indeed, Allah is over all things competent.

But It does not mean that this name is the actual topic discussed in the whole Surah. It is just a reference and mark/symbol to distinguish this Surah from others as is with most other Surahs of Quran. While there are diversified topics discussed in these Surahs.

ENGLISH NAME: The Originator, Angels.

CHAPTER NUMBER: 35

SURAH FATIR TOTAL VERSES: 45

SURAH FATIR TOTAL WORDS: 778

TOTAL UNIQUE WORDS WITHOUT REPETITION: 482

TOTAL LETTERS: 3,238

REVELATION PERIOD:

Meccan, Approx. 618 – 620 AD.

MAIN CHARACTERS:

God, Angels, Prophets, Mankind.

SURAH FATIR MAIN TOPICS:

Angels With 2,3 And 4 Wings, Resurrection Example, Two Seas One Sweat & One Salty, Allah Holds The Heavens And The Earth, You Will Never Find In The Way Of Allah Any Change.

SURAH FATIR KEY VERSES:

١  الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ فَاطِرِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ جَاعِلِ الْمَلَائِكَةِ رُسُلًا أُولِي أَجْنِحَةٍ مَثْنَىٰ وَثُلَاثَ وَرُبَاعَ ۚ يَزِيدُ فِي الْخَلْقِ مَا يَشَاءُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

1  [All] praise is [due] to Allah, Creator of the heavens and the earth, [who] made the angels messengers having wings, two or three or four. He increases in creation what He wills. Indeed, Allah is over all things competent.

٩  وَاللَّهُ الَّذِي أَرْسَلَ الرِّيَاحَ فَتُثِيرُ سَحَابًا فَسُقْنَاهُ إِلَىٰ بَلَدٍ مَيِّتٍ فَأَحْيَيْنَا بِهِ الْأَرْضَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهَا ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ النُّشُورُ

9  And it is Allah who sends the winds, and they stir the clouds, and We drive them to a dead land and give life thereby to the earth after its lifelessness. Thus is the resurrection.

١١  وَاللَّهُ خَلَقَكُمْ مِنْ تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ مِنْ نُطْفَةٍ ثُمَّ جَعَلَكُمْ أَزْوَاجًا ۚ وَمَا تَحْمِلُ مِنْ أُنْثَىٰ وَلَا تَضَعُ إِلَّا بِعِلْمِهِ ۚ وَمَا يُعَمَّرُ مِنْ مُعَمَّرٍ وَلَا يُنْقَصُ مِنْ عُمُرِهِ إِلَّا فِي كِتَابٍ ۚ إِنَّ ذَٰلِكَ عَلَى اللَّهِ يَسِيرٌ

11  And Allah created you from dust, then from a sperm-drop; then He made you mates. And no female conceives nor does she give birth except with His knowledge. And no aged person is granted [additional] life nor is his lifespan lessened but that it is in a register. Indeed, that for Allah is easy.

١٢  وَمَا يَسْتَوِي الْبَحْرَانِ هَٰذَا عَذْبٌ فُرَاتٌ سَائِغٌ شَرَابُهُ وَهَٰذَا مِلْحٌ أُجَاجٌ ۖ وَمِنْ كُلٍّ تَأْكُلُونَ لَحْمًا طَرِيًّا وَتَسْتَخْرِجُونَ حِلْيَةً تَلْبَسُونَهَا ۖ وَتَرَى الْفُلْكَ فِيهِ مَوَاخِرَ لِتَبْتَغُوا مِنْ فَضْلِهِ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ

12  And not alike are the two bodies of water. One is fresh and sweet, palatable for drinking, and one is salty and bitter. And from each you eat tender meat and extract ornaments which you wear, and you see the ships plowing through [them] that you might seek of His bounty; and perhaps you will be grateful.

٤٣  اسْتِكْبَارًا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَمَكْرَ السَّيِّئِ ۚ وَلَا يَحِيقُ الْمَكْرُ السَّيِّئُ إِلَّا بِأَهْلِهِ ۚ فَهَلْ يَنْظُرُونَ إِلَّا سُنَّتَ الْأَوَّلِينَ ۚ فَلَنْ تَجِدَ لِسُنَّتِ اللَّهِ تَبْدِيلًا ۖ وَلَنْ تَجِدَ لِسُنَّتِ اللَّهِ تَحْوِيلًا

43  [Due to] arrogance in the land and plotting of evil; but the evil plot does not encompass except its own people. Then do they await except the way of the former peoples? But you will never find in the way of Allah any change, and you will never find in the way of Allah any alteration.

SUMMARY OF TOPICS

1(God Made The Angels Messengers, Angels With 2,3 And 4 Wings), 2(Allah Mercy Door, None Can Withhold Or Release Except Him), 3-8(Promise Of Allah Is Truth, So Let Not The Worldly Life Delude You), 9( Rain On Dead Land, Brings Life To Earth, Thus Is Your Resurrection), 11 (Pregnancy And Old Age And Additional Life All In God’s Knowledge And In Register), 12(Two Seas One Sweat & One Salty: Not Alike Are The Two Bodies Of Water) 14-23(And No Bearer Of Burdens Will Bear The Burden Of Another, Not Equal Are Blind And The Seeing, Darknesses And The Light, Shade And The Heat), 24(God Sent Prophets In All Nations), 25-32(Tiding Of Punishment And Reward), 33(Garden Of Eden; Gold & Silk), 41(Allah Holds The Heavens And The Earth, Lest They Cease), 43-45(You Will Never Find In The Way Of Allah Any Change, If Allah Capture People On Their Sins No One Left On Earth)

SURAH FATIR BRIEF COMMENTARY & BACK GROUND:

This Surah has 45 verses divided into 5 Rukus/Sections. This Surah revealed in Mecca in the middle period of Prophet’s preaching at Mecca at a time when the opposition of Meccans have become much strong and persecution of early followers of Prophet already started. The name of this Surah is taken from verse 1 where there is a mention of the word “Fatir” Originator, which states the creating powers of God. This Surah is also called “Al Malaika” Angels also from Verse 1 where there is mention of Angels and their power/wings and abilities to perform different tasks on God’s command.

The emphasis of the Surah is on “Tawhid and admonishing the people of not believing in Prophet’s message by giving them food for thought to just look around themselves and think if all this is created by itself. And that it is God only who not only created all this alone but also preserving and maintaining all that.

In a narration from the Holy Prophet PBUH, it is said that 3 doors of Paradise will be opened for the one who recites this Surah (And Fully Acts Upon it). That person will be able to access through whichever passage he pleases. In a second narration, it is said that the eight doors of Paradise will open to him and he will be permitted to enter through whichever he pleases.