QURAN SUMMARY: YASEEN

Surah Ya’seen Background And Summary of Main Topics.

Surah Yaseen Statistics: Total Number of Verses, Revelation Period, Main Characters, Theme And Key Verses.

NAME:  يس, Ya Seen.

Name taken from Verse 1 where there is a mention of two letters of the Arabic alphabets “Ya Seen”.

١  يس
1  Ya, Seen.

But It does not mean that this name is the actual topic discussed in the whole Surah. It is just a reference and mark/symbol to distinguish this Surah from others as is with most other Surahs of Quran. While there are diversified topics discussed in these Surahs.

ENGLISH NAME: Ya Seen.

CHAPTER NUMBER: 36

SURAH YA SEEN TOTAL VERSES: 83

SURAH YASEEN TOTAL WORDS: 730

TOTAL UNIQUE WORDS WITHOUT REPETITION: 457

TOTAL LETTERS: 3,068

REVELATION PERIOD:

Meccan, Approx. 619 – 620 AD.

MAIN CHARACTERS:

God, Prophet Muhammad, Wrongdoers, A Town With Three Prophets, Satan/Devil, Man.

SURAH YA SEEN MAIN TOPICS:

Logic of Sending Prophet Muhammad, Recording Of Acts& Footprint, Story Of A Town Where Allah Sent 3 Prophets, Creation In Pairs, Last Day Scene, Man Creation and His Behavior.

SURAH YA SEEN KEY VERSES:

١٣  وَاضْرِبْ لَهُمْ مَثَلًا أَصْحَابَ الْقَرْيَةِ إِذْ جَاءَهَا الْمُرْسَلُونَ

13  And present to them an example: the people of the city, when the messengers came to it –

١٤  إِذْ أَرْسَلْنَا إِلَيْهِمُ اثْنَيْنِ فَكَذَّبُوهُمَا فَعَزَّزْنَا بِثَالِثٍ فَقَالُوا إِنَّا إِلَيْكُمْ مُرْسَلُونَ

14  When We sent to them two but they denied them, so We strengthened them with a third, and they said, “Indeed, we are messengers to you.”

٣٦  سُبْحَانَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ الْأَزْوَاجَ كُلَّهَا مِمَّا تُنْبِتُ الْأَرْضُ وَمِنْ أَنْفُسِهِمْ وَمِمَّا لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

36  Exalted is He who created all pairs – from what the earth grows and from themselves and from that which they do not know.

٣٩  وَالْقَمَرَ قَدَّرْنَاهُ مَنَازِلَ حَتَّىٰ عَادَ كَالْعُرْجُونِ الْقَدِيمِ

39  And the moon – We have determined for it phases, until it returns [appearing] like the old date stalk.

٤٠  لَا الشَّمْسُ يَنْبَغِي لَهَا أَنْ تُدْرِكَ الْقَمَرَ وَلَا اللَّيْلُ سَابِقُ النَّهَارِ ۚ وَكُلٌّ فِي فَلَكٍ يَسْبَحُونَ

40  It is not allowable for the sun to reach the moon, nor does the night overtake the day, but each, in an orbit, is swimming.

٧٧  أَوَلَمْ يَرَ الْإِنْسَانُ أَنَّا خَلَقْنَاهُ مِنْ نُطْفَةٍ فَإِذَا هُوَ خَصِيمٌ مُبِينٌ

77  Does man not consider that We created him from a [mere] sperm-drop – then at once he is a clear adversary?

SUMMARY OF TOPICS

1-3( God Swear By Quran O Muhammad You Are Among The Messengers), 4-7(That You May Warn A People Whose Forefathers Were Not Warned), 8-9(Last Day Wrongdoers Have Chains In Their Necks & Barriers Before And Behind Them), 12(Recording Of Acts& Footprint, All Things In A Clear Register), 13-29(Story Of A Town, Allah Sent 2+1 Prophets, A Man Came Running From The Farthest Part Of The City Verse20, Proof Of Barzakh & That Paradise Exists Even Now), 36-40(Creation In Pairs, Sun Moon; Each In An Orbit, Is Swimming), 41-42(Sign For Them Is That We Carried Their Forefathers In A Laden Ship, And We Created For Them From The Likes Of It That Which They Ride), 44-50(They Ask When Will The Hour Come), 51-53(Last Day: Trumpet Blown, They Will Say, “O Woe To Us! Who Has Raised Us Up From Our Sleeping Place?), 65(Seal On Mouths, Speak Hands), 54-59(Pleasure In Paradise), 60-67(Warnings, Not Worship Satan, Last Day, We Will Seal Over Their Mouths, And Their Hands Will Speak To Us ), 77-79(Created Man From A Semen Drop, Then He Became An Open Opponent, He Says Who Will Raise Me), 80(Fire From Green Tree), 82(God Command Is Only That He Says Be & It Is)

SURAH YA SEEN BRIEF COMMENTARY & BACK GROUND:

This Surah has 83 verses divided into 5 Rukus/Sections. Revealed in Mecca most probably in a later stage of Muhammad’s declaration of his prophethood. Like most other Meccan Surahs its primary focus is on the doctrine of Tauhid Oneness of God, Life after death and Admonish and warnings to Meccan’s for not accepting Muhammad’s message. Name taken from first two letters of Surah and as we know that these letters are called Mystery Abbreviated Letters OR Hurrof Al Muqattat a brief introduction of which is already given in Quran Statistics & Facts.

Abu Hurayrah said, “The Messenger of God said:

مَنْ قَرَأَ يس فِي لَيْلَةٍ أَصْبَحَ مَغْفُورًا لَهُ، وَمَنْ قَرَأَ حم الَّتِي يُذْكَرُ فِيهَا الدُّخَانُ أَصْبَحَ مَغْفُورًا لَه

Whoever recites Yaseen in the night, will wake up forgiven by the Grace of God, and whoever recites Ha Mim in which Dukhan/Smoke is mentioned, by the Grace of God, will wake up forgiven.)

Anas reported God’s Messenger PBUH as saying, “Everything has a heart and the heart of the Holy Quran is Yaseen. God will record anyone who recites Yaseen as having recited the Holy Quran ten times.”

Maqil ibn Yasaar Muzani reported the Prophet PBUH as saying, “If anyone recites Yasin for God’s pleasure, his past sins will be pardoned; so recite it on those who are dying.

Ibn Hibban reported in his Sahih that Jundub bin Abdullah said, “The Messenger of God said:

مَنْ قَرَأَ يس فِي لَيْلَةٍ ابْتِغَاءَ وَجْهِ اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ غُفِرَ لَه

Whoever recites Yaseen in the night, seeking the Face of God, will be forgiven

The Messenger of Allah PBUH said: One who recites Yasin and Saffat on Friday and then begs God, God fulfills his demand.