Quran Miracle: Surah Tin Historical Chronological Accuracy

١  وَالتِّينِ وَالزَّيْتُونِ

٢  وَطُورِ سِينِينَ

٣  وَهَٰذَا الْبَلَدِ الْأَمِينِ

By the fig and the olive

And [by] Mount Sinai

And [by] this secure city [Makkah],   Surah Teen 95:1-3

Importance Of 4 Oaths Taken In This Surah

Book with Surah Teen name

This Surah begins by swearing a series of oaths: By the Fig, The Olive, Mount Sinai, and the Secure City. Just after that, it mentions that “God created Man in best of mold / stature.” All four Oaths thus show that they are symbolizing the place of high importance in human history.

What Does “Fig” Mean Here?

Fig And Branches

Some say that Fig & Olive represent the regions surrounding Jerusalem and thus pointing towards the place where Jesus was sent as a Messenger. But in my opinion, these are two different places. Fig is pointing to Prophet Nuh who was actually the first prophet with a scripture and father of all the humans in the sense

Oil Dipping from Olive
that all surviving humankind was from his progeny and secondly as per Quran his boat came to rest at mount Al Judi present-day Mount Ararat in the extreme east of Turkey. And even now if you check that where in the world most Fig is produced than Turkey is the number one in rank.

Significance Of 2nd Oath “By The Olive”

Pigeon with branch of olive tree

The second Oath “By Olive” not only pointing to Jesus as many commentators believe but its pointing to the vast area surrounding the Mediterranean where God sent thousands of prophet from Abraham till Jesus.

3rd Oath “Mount Sinai”

Mount Sinai

Then comes “Mount Sinai” which points to Moses, the book and the religious law given to him which remained valid before, and up to, the arrival of Muhammad, and was also a binding on Jesus as well.

Secure City

Kaaba Tawaf

Lastly, the Oath “Secure City” means Mecca, where Muhammad, the Last Prophet, was born and received his first revelation and status of prophethood. So you can see that all these four Oaths are also chronologically in order starting from Nuh, Abraham, Abrahamic prophets, Moses and Then Muhammad.



The prefixed preposition wa is usually translated as “by” and is used to form an oath.

P – prefixed preposition wa (oath)

The twenty seventh letter of the Arabic alphabet. It is one of the class termed shafhiyyah شفهية According to Hisâb al-Jummal (mode of reckoning numbers by the letters of the alphabet) the value is 6. An inseparable prefixed conjunction: And; Also; But; Whilst; At; Together; With. It is used as conjunction, is expressive of concomitance, particle used for swearing (By God), often fallowed by the genitive. When followed by the accusative it means sometime “with”. When followed by interrogative particle it means “then”. When used with an indeterminate noun governed by Rubba it means often times or scarcely. Wa illa وإلا: If not; Otherwise. (L; T; Mughnî; LL)


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