QURAN SUMMARY: QAF

Surah Qaf Background And Summary of Main Topics.

Surah Qaf Statistics: Total Number of Verses, Revelation Period, Main Characters, Theme And Key Verses.

NAME: ق, Qaf.

Name taken from Verse 1 where there is a mention of the Arabic Alphabet “Qaf”.

١  ق ۚ وَالْقُرْآنِ الْمَجِيدِ
1  Qaf. By the honored Qur’an..

But It does not mean that this name is the actual topic discussed in the whole Surah. It is just a reference and mark/symbol to distinguish this Surah from others as is with most other Surahs of Quran. While there are diversified topics discussed in these Surahs.

ENGLISH NAME: Qaf.

CHAPTER NUMBER: 50

SURAH QAF TOTAL VERSES: 45

SURAH QAF TOTAL WORDS: 373

TOTAL UNIQUE WORDS WITHOUT REPETITION: 280

TOTAL LETTERS: 1,507

REVELATION PERIOD:

Meccan, Approx. 613 – 615 AD.

MAIN CHARACTERS:

God, Prophet, Nations Of Nuh, Thamud, Ar Ras, Ad, Pharaoh, Lut, People Of Tubba, People Of Aika(Wood), Two Record Keeping Angels, A Driver, A Witness, A Crier.

SURAH QAF MAIN TOPICS:

They Wonder Why A Warner Came From Among Them, Blessings And Favors Of God, Mention of Nations of Previous Prophets, God Created Man And He Is Nearer To Him Than His Jugular Vein, Two Record Keeping Angels With Every Man, Last Day’s Scene & Happenings.

SURAH QAF KEY VERSES:

٢  بَلْ عَجِبُوا أَنْ جَاءَهُمْ مُنْذِرٌ مِنْهُمْ فَقَالَ الْكَافِرُونَ هَٰذَا شَيْءٌ عَجِيبٌ

2  But they wonder that there has come to them a warner from among themselves, and the disbelievers say, “This is an amazing thing.

٣  أَإِذَا مِتْنَا وَكُنَّا تُرَابًا ۖ ذَٰلِكَ رَجْعٌ بَعِيدٌ

3  When we have died and have become dust, [we will return to life]? That is a distant return.”

١٦  وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنْسَانَ وَنَعْلَمُ مَا تُوَسْوِسُ بِهِ نَفْسُهُ ۖ وَنَحْنُ أَقْرَبُ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ حَبْلِ الْوَرِيدِ

16  And We have already created man and know what his soul whispers to him, and We are closer to him than [his] jugular vein

٣٠  يَوْمَ نَقُولُ لِجَهَنَّمَ هَلِ امْتَلَأْتِ وَتَقُولُ هَلْ مِنْ مَزِيدٍ

30  On the Day We will say to Hell, “Have you been filled?” and it will say, “Are there some more,”

٣٨  وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا فِي سِتَّةِ أَيَّامٍ وَمَا مَسَّنَا مِنْ لُغُوبٍ

38  And We did certainly create the heavens and earth and what is between them in six days, and there touched Us no weariness.

SUMMARY OF TOPICS

1-4(They Wonder That There Has Come To Them A Warner From Among Them, Doubts On Resurrection, God Knows What The Earth Diminishes Of Them, And With Him Is A Record), 5-11(Blessings And Favors Of God), 12-14(Nations Of Nuh, Thamud, Ar Ras, Ad, Pharaoh, Lut, People Of Tubba, People Of Aika(Wood), 15-25(God Created Man And He Is Nearer To Him Than His Jugular Vein, Two Record Keeping Angels With Every Man, Last Day Every Soul Will Come With A Driver And A Witness), 30- 31(Hell Will Be Asked, Are You Full, Hell Answer, Are There Any More?, Paradise Will Be Brought Near), 38(God Created All In 6 Six Days And No Tiredness), 39-40(Namaz/Prayer Timings), 41-44( The Last Day A Crier Cry From A Near Place, Earth Will Split From Above Them, That Is The Day Of Emergence)

SURAH QAF BRIEF COMMENTARY & BACK GROUND:

This Surah has 45 verses divided into 3 Rukus/Sections. It takes its name from verse 1. This Surah was revealed in Mecca in the early stage of Muhammad’s preaching most probably around 3rd to 5th year after his declaration of prophethood.

The main theme of the Surah is the oneness of God and the doctrine of life after death. Resurrection is the central theme of the Surah and it narrates the scene of the Last day and that how Man’s deed are getting recorded and will be put before him on the day of Judgement.  It also emphasis people to believe in Muhammad and warn them by showing the end of previous nations who denied their prophets.

There are traditions that the Prophet Muhammad used to recite this Surah in the Friday Prayer and on the Eid days. There are some other traditions that states he often recited it in the Fajr Prayer. This makes it amply clear that this was an important Surah in the sight of the Holy Prophet.

Prophet of God PBUH said: For one who recites it, God lightens for him the pains of death.