NAME: الأنبياء, Al-Anbiya’.
Name taken from whole Surah as it has mention of many Prophets in it and these accounts of prophets starts from verse 48.
٤٨ وَلَقَدْ آتَيْنَا مُوسَىٰ وَهَارُونَ الْفُرْقَانَ وَضِيَاءً وَذِكْرًا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ
48 And We had already given Moses and Aaron the criterion and a light and a reminder for the righteous.
ENGLISH NAME: The Prophets.
CHAPTER NUMBER: 21
SURAH ANBIYA TOTAL VERSES: 112
SURAH ANBIYA TOTAL WORDS: 1,174
TOTAL UNIQUE WORDS WITHOUT REPETITION: 678
TOTAL LETTERS: 5,094
Meccan, Approx. 618 – 621 AD.
God, Muhammad, Moses, Ibrahim/Abraham, Lut, Nuh/Noah, David/Dawood, Solomon, Job/Ayyub, Ishmail, Idris, Zulkifl, Jonah/Yunus, Zechariah, Maryam/Marry, Gog Magog.
SURAH ANBIYA MAIN TOPICS:
Prior Nations Were Destroyed Coz of Denying Messengers, Creation of Heaven & Earth, Abraham/Ibrahim Story When He Broke All Idols Save Big One, David/Solomon Sheep Case and detailed mention of the Miracles given to them, Mention of Many Other Prophets, God Will Repeat Creation, God Sent Muhammad As Blessing And Mercy For All Worlds.
SURAH ANBIYA KEY VERSES:
٣ لَاهِيَةً قُلُوبُهُمْ ۗ وَأَسَرُّوا النَّجْوَى الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا هَلْ هَٰذَا إِلَّا بَشَرٌ مِثْلُكُمْ ۖ أَفَتَأْتُونَ السِّحْرَ وَأَنْتُمْ تُبْصِرُونَ
3 With their hearts distracted. And those who do wrong conceal their private conversation, [saying], “Is this [Prophet] except a human being like you? So would you approach magic while you are aware [of it]?”
٧ وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا قَبْلَكَ إِلَّا رِجَالًا نُوحِي إِلَيْهِمْ ۖ فَاسْأَلُوا أَهْلَ الذِّكْرِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ لَا تَعْلَمُونَ
7 And We sent not before you, [O Muhammad], except men to whom We revealed [the message], so ask the people of the message if you do not know.
٨ وَمَا جَعَلْنَاهُمْ جَسَدًا لَا يَأْكُلُونَ الطَّعَامَ وَمَا كَانُوا خَالِدِينَ
8 And We did not make the prophets forms not eating food, nor were they immortal [on earth].
٣٥ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذَائِقَةُ الْمَوْتِ ۗ وَنَبْلُوكُمْ بِالشَّرِّ وَالْخَيْرِ فِتْنَةً ۖ وَإِلَيْنَا تُرْجَعُونَ
35 Every soul will taste death. And We test you with evil and with good as trial; and to Us you will be returned.
٩٥ وَحَرَامٌ عَلَىٰ قَرْيَةٍ أَهْلَكْنَاهَا أَنَّهُمْ لَا يَرْجِعُونَ
95 And there is prohibition upon [the people of] a city which We have destroyed that they will [ever] return
٩٦ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا فُتِحَتْ يَأْجُوجُ وَمَأْجُوجُ وَهُمْ مِنْ كُلِّ حَدَبٍ يَنْسِلُونَ
96 Until when [the dam of] Gog and Magog has been opened and they, from every elevation, descend
١٠٥ وَلَقَدْ كَتَبْنَا فِي الزَّبُورِ مِنْ بَعْدِ الذِّكْرِ أَنَّ الْأَرْضَ يَرِثُهَا عِبَادِيَ الصَّالِحُونَ
105 And We have already written in the book [of Psalms] after the [previous] mention that the land [of Paradise] is inherited by My righteous servants.
SUMMARY OF TOPICS
1&5(Time Of Account Has Approached But People Are In Heedlessness, Their Blame Quran Is Muddled Dreams Or Prophet Has Invented It), 6-15(Messengers Were Always Men, Ate Food, Have Bodies, Prior Nations Were Destroyed), 16-18(Creation Of Heaven Earth Not In Play, Purpose Of Creation), 30-33(Heaven Earth Joined Then We Parted Them), 34-35(Every Soul Will Die), 37(Man Was Created Of Haste), 44(Reducing Earth/Land From Its Edges; Do They Not Then See That We Are Visiting The Land, Curtailing It Of Its Sides? ), 48(Prophet Moses & Aaron, Given Al-Furqan), 51-67(Prophet Ibrahim, Questioned The Idol, Broke All Idols Save Big One Verse58), 68-69(They Planned To Burn Ibrahim, Allah Ordered Fire To Cool Down), 74(Prophet Lut), 76Prophet (Nuh), 78-82(David& Solomon Sheep Case, Their Miracles;To David We Subjected The Mountains & Birds To Exalt With Him, Making Of Armor Cloths, To Solomon Wind On His Command, And The Devils Who Dived For Him And Did Work ), 83-84(Prophet Job), 85(Prophet Ishmail, Idris, Zulkifl), 87-88 (Prophet Zul Nun Jonah), 89-90(Prophet Zechariah), 91(Maryam), 95-96(Ban/ Prohibition Of Return On Destroyed Community & Gog Magog), 104(Repeat Creation; As We Began The First Creation, We Will Repeat It.), 105(Righteous Will Inherit Earth), 107-112(God Sent Muhammad As Blessing And Mercy For All Worlds)
SURAH ANBIYA BRIEF COMMENTARY & BACK GROUND
This Surah has 112 verses divided into 7 Rukus/Sections. This Surah was revealed in Mecca and like other Surahs revealed in Mecca, we find the emphasis on monotheism or the Oneness of God. The primary subject of the Surah is divine supervision and guidance and that the message with which Muhammad has come is from God.
The Messenger of God (PBUH) said: One who recites Surah Anbiya, God will take an easy accounting from him; and all the prophets whose names are mentioned in the Quran will shake hands with him and greet him.
The Surah narrates the story of various prophets God sent to different nations and that they were all human beings. Particular emphasis is given to the continuity and fundamental unity of all divine revelation and on the prophethood of Muhammad. People have been admonished to accept the Message and also warned of the consequences of rejecting this Divine revelation. It tells that the believers of all faiths belong to one single community and that God Sent Muhammad As Blessing And Mercy For All Worlds.