QURAN SUMMARY: FUSSILAT

Surah Fussilat Background And Summary of Main Topics.

Surah Fussilat Statistics: Total Number of Verses, Revelation Period, Main Characters, Theme And Key Verses.

NAME: فصلت, حم سجدة, Fussilat, Ha Meem Sajda.

Name taken from Verse 1 and 3 where there is a mention of the words “Ha Meem” and “Fussilat”

١  حم
1  Ha, Meem.

٣  كِتَابٌ فُصِّلَتْ آيَاتُهُ قُرْآنًا عَرَبِيًّا لِقَوْمٍ يَعْلَمُونَ
3  A Book whose verses have been detailed, an Arabic Qur’an for a people who know,

But It does not mean that this name is the actual topic discussed in the whole Surah. It is just a reference and mark/symbol to distinguish this Surah from others as is with most other Surahs of Quran. While there are diversified topics discussed in these Surahs.

ENGLISH NAME: Expounded/Explained in detail, Ha Meem Prostration.

CHAPTER NUMBER: 41

SURAH FUSSILAT TOTAL VERSES: 54

SURAH FUSSILAT TOTAL WORDS: 794

TOTAL UNIQUE WORDS WITHOUT REPETITION: 513

TOTAL LETTERS: 3,365

REVELATION PERIOD:

Meccan, Approx. 613 – 615 AD.

MAIN CHARACTERS:

God, Ad, Thamud, Jinn, Man, Prophet Muhammad, Deniers.

SURAH FUSSILAT MAIN TOPICS:

Stages of Creation of Earth & Heavens, Story Of Ad And Thamud, Description Of Last Day: Sights And Skin Will Speak, Repel Evil With Good, Quran Sent In Arabic Logic: Should Be Sent In The Language Of The First Listeners, God Will Show His Portents/Signs Within Us And Around.

SURAH FUSSILAT KEY VERSES:

٩  قُلْ أَئِنَّكُمْ لَتَكْفُرُونَ بِالَّذِي خَلَقَ الْأَرْضَ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ وَتَجْعَلُونَ لَهُ أَنْدَادًا ۚ ذَٰلِكَ رَبُّ الْعَالَمِينَ

9  Say, “Do you indeed disbelieve in He who created the earth in two days and attribute to Him equals? That is the Lord of the worlds.”

١٩  وَيَوْمَ يُحْشَرُ أَعْدَاءُ اللَّهِ إِلَى النَّارِ فَهُمْ يُوزَعُونَ

19  And [mention, O Muhammad], the Day when the enemies of Allah will be gathered to the Fire while they are [driven] assembled in rows,

٢٠  حَتَّىٰ إِذَا مَا جَاءُوهَا شَهِدَ عَلَيْهِمْ سَمْعُهُمْ وَأَبْصَارُهُمْ وَجُلُودُهُمْ بِمَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

20  Until, when they reach it, their hearing and their eyes and their skins will testify against them of what they used to do.

٢٥  وَقَيَّضْنَا لَهُمْ قُرَنَاءَ فَزَيَّنُوا لَهُمْ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ وَحَقَّ عَلَيْهِمُ الْقَوْلُ فِي أُمَمٍ قَدْ خَلَتْ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ مِنَ الْجِنِّ وَالْإِنْسِ ۖ إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا خَاسِرِينَ

25  And We appointed for them companions who made attractive to them what was before them and what was behind them [of sin], and the word has come into effect upon them among nations which had passed on before them of jinn and men. Indeed, they [all] were losers.

٣٤  وَلَا تَسْتَوِي الْحَسَنَةُ وَلَا السَّيِّئَةُ ۚ ادْفَعْ بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ فَإِذَا الَّذِي بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَهُ عَدَاوَةٌ كَأَنَّهُ وَلِيٌّ حَمِيمٌ

34  And not equal are the good deed and the bad. Repel [evil] by that [deed] which is better; and thereupon the one whom between you and him is enmity [will become] as though he was a devoted friend.

٤٤  وَلَوْ جَعَلْنَاهُ قُرْآنًا أَعْجَمِيًّا لَقَالُوا لَوْلَا فُصِّلَتْ آيَاتُهُ ۖ أَأَعْجَمِيٌّ وَعَرَبِيٌّ ۗ قُلْ هُوَ لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا هُدًى وَشِفَاءٌ ۖ وَالَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ فِي آذَانِهِمْ وَقْرٌ وَهُوَ عَلَيْهِمْ عَمًى ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ يُنَادَوْنَ مِنْ مَكَانٍ بَعِيدٍ

44  And if We had made it a non-Arabic Qur’an, they would have said, “Why are its verses not explained in detail [in our language]? Is it a foreign [recitation] and an Arab [messenger]?” Say, “It is, for those who believe, a guidance and cure.” And those who do not believe – in their ears is deafness, and it is upon them blindness. Those are being called from a distant place.

٥١  وَإِذَا أَنْعَمْنَا عَلَى الْإِنْسَانِ أَعْرَضَ وَنَأَىٰ بِجَانِبِهِ وَإِذَا مَسَّهُ الشَّرُّ فَذُو دُعَاءٍ عَرِيضٍ

51  And when We bestow favor upon man, he turns away and distances himself; but when evil touches him, then he is full of extensive supplication.

SUMMARY OF TOPICS

1-8(Quran In Arabic, But Most Of The people Turn Away, So They Do Not Hear.), 9-12(Creation Of Earth With All Its Provisions in Four Days, Then Completion Of Seven Heavens And Decoration Of Nearest Heaven With Lamps/Stars), 13-17(Story Of Ad And Thamud, Ad Destroyed By A Screaming Wind During Days Of Misfortune, Thamud Destroyed By A Blast), 19-21(Description Of Last Day: Enemies Of Allah Will Be Gathered In Rows, Their Hearing, Sights And Skin Will Speak And Give Witness Against Them), 22-30(No Favor And Forgiveness Will Be Given That Day, Comrades Jinn Men Before Them All Losers, That Day Followers Want To Crush Those Who Misled Them From Jinn And Men), 31(Paradise: All You Wish, Desire And Think Will Be There), 34-36(Repel Evil With Good, With This Enemies Will Become Friend), 37(Night, Day, Sun And Moon All His Signs, So Don’t Worship These Things), 42-43(No Falsehood Can Enter In Quran, Same Message To Muhammad As Before To Previous Prophets), 44(Quran Sent In Arabic Coz Logically It Should Be Sent In The Language Of The First Listeners Where Muhammad Born, Quran Is Healing), 50(Man Links Success To His Abilities And Assume That No Return, And Even If There Is A Hereafter He Would Have A Best Share There Also), 51-52(Deniers Should Think If Quran Is From Allah Then? What Would be there End), 53(God Will Show His Portents/Signs Within Us And Around)

SURAH FUSSILAT BRIEF COMMENTARY & BACK GROUND:

This Surah has 54 verses. There are two names of this Surah “Ha Meem As-Sajdah” and “Fussilat”. There are 7 Surahs of Quran Surah no. 40-46 i.e Surah Mumin to Surah Ahqaf that begin with the word “حم” And these Surahs are also called “al-Hawamim”.  These letters are called Mystery Abbreviated Letters OR Hurrof Al Muqattat a brief introduction of which is already given in Quran Statistics & Facts.  The Name “Fussilat” means Explained in Detail’ which refers to the Holy Quran as in verses 3, and 44 that this book Quran and its verses are explained in detail.

It is a Meccan Surah revealed almost in the 3rd-5th year of Muhammad’s PBUH proclamation of prophethood. The subject matter of this Surah is Dawah/Invitation to the truth and Tauhid oneness of God. It shows that God’s signs are everywhere and warns people against denying them.  It also explains what was the end of the disbelievers of past generations that refused to acknowledge the truth and did not submit to God.

There is a narration that after Hamza bin Abdul Muttalib acceptance of Islam, Meccans were in great distress and grief due to the increasing number of followers of Prophet. One day in a sitting of Quraysh, Utbah bin Rabiah said: “Gents, if you like I would go and speak to Muhammad and give him some proposals. After that, he went to him and said: “O son of brother you know that you have a high status in the tribe because of your ancestry but because of your talking against our religion you have created divisions. Now I put some proposals think them and accept any of these. Prophet said, continue, and I shall listen.

Utbah said o son of brother if by your work and preaching new religion you want wealth and money we will give it to you so much that you would be the richest. If by this you want importance than we will make you our leader and a chief or if you want to be a king, we will make you a king. And if you are under the inspiration of a Jinn or a devil from whome you are not able to get rid than we will arrange the best physicians for you. Prophet said have you finished Utbah and on his affirmation Prophet pronounce  بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ and start reciting this Surah until when he reached verse 38 the verse of Prostration. Prophet prostrated and said O Abul Walid this is my reply now you may act as you like. Utbah came back to Meccans, but his face was changed. Upon asking of people he said By God, I listened to something the like of which I have never attended or heard from anyone. I suggest leave Muhammad, if other tribes of Arab overcome him than you would be saved of not causing any harm to him and if Muhammad overcomes them his victory will be yours, and his honor will be yours. Listening to this the leaders of the tribe said O Utbah you too bewitched by Muhammad’s tongue.