THE SACRED TEXTS OF CHRISTIANITY
The main book of Christianity is the Bible. Name derived from Latin word “Biblia”, which means Book. Bible has two parts the first part is called the Old Testament, which is almost the same as of the Jewish Bible while the second part is called New Testament that includes biographies of Jesus Christ and the apostles and teachings and writings of various Apostles.
The Old Testament was originally written in the Hebrew language with a few sections written in the Aramaic language. A Greek translation of the OT, called the Septuagint, was produced between 200 and 100 B.C. for the benefit of Greek-speaking Jews in Alexandria, Egypt.
There are 39 Books in the Old Testament and 27 Books in the New Testament. OT and NT are further categorized into various sections, detail of which is given below. For reading interesting facts and figures about the Bible see Bible Statistics & Facts. For more information on each individual book of the Bible, please see Bible Summary.
Then Comes “The Apocrypha” name derived from Latin apocryphus, “secret, or non-canonical. These are a group of fifteen OT books, written during the period 170 B.C. to 70 A.D. Biblical Apocrypha is a set of texts included in the Latin Vulgate and Septuagint but not in the Hebrew Bible. Apocryphal writings are a class of documents rejected as unworthy to be properly called Scripture. The books of the Apocrypha are included in Catholic versions of the OT, but not in most Protestant versions.
Didache. Also known as the Doctrine of the 12 Apostles. Didache is a first-century text and a brief work, shorter than Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount. The first line of this is “The teaching of the Lord to the Gentile. It has three main sections dealing with Christian ethics, rituals such as baptism and Eucharist, and Church organization. It begins with moral instructions, organized in terms of “Two Ways” the Way of Life and the Way of Death. The Didache concludes with warnings to be vigilant in light of Christ’s imminent second coming.