Recitation of the Holy Scripture.
Hold firmly to the rope of God altogether, and do not be divided. And remember the Favor of God on you when you were enemies, then He made friendship between your hearts and by His Favor you became brothers. And you were on the brink of the pit of the Fire; then He saved you from it. Thus God makes clear for you His Verses so that you may be guided.
And let there be among you a (group) of people inviting to the good, enjoining what is right and forbidding what is wrong, and those are the successful.
And do not be like those who became divided and differed after the clear proofs came to them. And they will have a great punishment.
End of Recitation of the Holy Scripture.
As discussed in part 31, you can clearly see that the early history of Muslims just after Prophet Muhammad in general and then After Umar’s death in specific, laid the foundations of the biggest divide in the Muslim nation and changed the course of Muslim history forever. Hassan stepping down from his right in favor of