Cosmology is the core theme of a Religion whether its a pseudo, mythological or a true religion. Arguments for the existence and non existence of God
Recitation of the Holy Scripture.
The command of God is coming, so be not impatient for it. Exalted is He and high above what they associate with Him.
He sends down the angels, with the inspiration of His command, upon whom He wills of His servants, [telling them], “Warn that there is no deity except Me; so fear Me.”
He created the heavens and earth in truth. High is He above what they associate with Him.
He created man from a sperm drop; then at once, he is a clear adversary.
And if you should count the favors of God, you could not enumerate them. Indeed, God is Forgiving and Merciful.
And God knows what you conceal and what you declare.
And those they invoke other than God create nothing, and they [themselves] are created.
They are, [in fact], dead, not alive, and they do not perceive when they will be resurrected.
And when My slaves ask about Me, than indeed I Am near; I answer the call of the caller when he calls on Me. So let them respond to Me and believe in Me, so that they may be rightly guided.
End of Recitation of the Holy Scripture.
People ask about God if he exists? And then is He a God who actively managing this universe and listens to the prayers or a God who created the universe and made laws for it which are operating this universe and all events happen only because of cause & effect. Let me here also elaborate the statement I gave in Part 8 when I said that this universe is not a perfect place. I said that only in comparison to the the Others worlds your Lord has created where there is no trial and no cause and effect and not in the sense of the majesty, vastness, and beauty of creation which is present everywhere in this universe. Scientists use the word beauty to describe the universe? Gaze at the universe with a knowing eye. There’s beauty on every level—simplicity and regularity, a kind of grace—from the smallest subatomic particles to the largest clusters of galaxies. This universe is a masterpiece.
In the coming 34 programs I will be discussing and finalizing some most important philosophical debates regarding existence of God and regarding Determinism and Freewill. I can realize that the coming few programs may become a little technical for the average listener but it is very important to discuss and conclude these important issues before entering into next level of this program. Coming to my point every religion is basically a set of beliefs about cosmology that how everything around us is working, why and how it is created and what is its purpose. On earth religions evolved with human species and we have whole history of different types of religions from ancient Egyptians and greek mythology till Sikhism. In ancient times many mythological religions were established by their founders by way of telling their people that certain things were beneficial for them and for their survival like clouds, rain and sun etc. without which they couldn’t had crops. Then they built a complete theory of cosmology that how this all process works why sometime it rained and sometime it didn’t. Than they described their people the reasons because of which god becomes angry or pleased and that they need to please the god by giving something some sacrifice. Than they built a whole set of jurisprudence around that cosmology which included sacrifices, gifts to gods, gathering and worshipping at some specific day of the week to please the god. Even in the oldest religions of world this principal was working. Cosmology is the core the center the theme of a religion whether its a pseudo, mythological or a true religion.
Therefore you need to understand how this universe is working. How your Lord is running this universe in justice. Fine details of jurisprudence which are already there in scriptures will come later. Keep in mind in God’s religion there is no superstition, your Lord is one Lord and Religion is only one for all of you that is submission to The Only One The Almighty The All Wise. Laws of physics are the Laws of your Lord which we are exploring day by day. Through these laws your Lord is running this universe of yours. This is the only knowledge of the universe all others are superstitions. Remember science is so much powerful that we would be considered as gods by those before us if we manage to go back just thousand years in the past. There is a quote from a physicist “Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from divinity”
In part 6 of this program I started this topic and gave you a summary of arguments against the existence of God. There are two more important argument I missed there First is the Inductive arguments for non existence of God that includes the “historical induction” argument which states that because most ancient theistic religions and their gods like ancient Egyptian religion, ancient Greek religion cease to be regarded as true or correct, all theistic religions, including contemporary ones, are therefore most likely untrue/incorrect by induction. A famous quotation on this says: I contend that we are both atheists. I just believe in one fewer god than you do. When you understand why you dismiss all the other possible gods, you will understand why I dismiss yours. Second is the problem of evil argument that refers to the question of how to reconcile the existence of evil with an omni benevolent, omniscient, and omnipotent God. An argument from evil attempts to show that the coexistence of evil and such a God is unlikely or impossible. Epicurus is generally credited with first expounding the problem of evil, and it is sometimes called the “Epicurean paradox” which is as follows;
Is God willing to prevent evil, but not able? Then he is not omnipotent.
Is he able, but not willing? Then he is malevolent.
Is he both able and willing? Then whence cometh evil?
Is he neither able nor willing? Then why call him God?
Now a brief summary of arguments for the existence of God. Again it includes some Empirical arguments, the first is the unmoved mover argument which says that in the universe there must have been an initial mover. Whatever is in motion must be put in motion by another thing, so there must be an unmoved mover. If there were an infinite regress of movers with no first mover, no motion could ever begin, and if it never began, it could not go on and exist now. But as we know it does go on, it does exist now. Therefore it began, and therefore there is a first mover.
Same is the First cause Argument which states that it is impossible for a being to cause itself (because it would have to exist before it caused itself) and that it is impossible for there to be an infinite chain of causes, which would result in infinite regress. Therefore, there must be a first cause, itself uncaused.
Than there is another dimension of first cause argument. Beings whose essence does not contain the reason for their existence, beings that need causes, are called contingent, or dependent, beings. A being whose essence is to exist is called a necessary being. The universe contains only contingent beings. God would be the only necessary being.
Another version of first cause argument is Argument from degree, considering the occurrence of degrees of goodness. That things which are called good, must be called good in relation to a standard of good—a maximum. There must be a maximum goodness that which causes all goodness. There must also be a first cause of perfection or goodness or value. We rank things as more or less perfect or good or valuable there must be a real standard of perfection to make such a hierarchy possible, for a thing is ranked higher on the hierarchy of perfection only insofar as it is closer to the standard, the ideal, the most perfect. Such a standard a perfect being, is another description of God.
Than comes the teleological argument which asserts the view that things without intelligence are ordered towards a purpose. That unintelligent objects cannot be ordered unless they are done so by an intelligent being, which means that there must be an intelligent being to move objects to their ends: i.e God. The teleological argument applies this principle to the whole universe. If designs imply a designer, and the universe shows marks of design, then the universe was designed. Clearly, every life form in